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India

Topsy, a 28-year-old elephant belonging to The Forepaugh Circus at Luna Park, Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, USA, is executed by electrocution because she has killed three men in as many years, including an abusive trainer who attempted to feed her a lit cigarette. Inventor Thomas Edison organised, supervised and filmed the exceution, as a demonstration of the effectiveness of his direct current electric system. Topsy's tragic story will inspire several songs, including The Kid Who Collected Crimes! by The Residents [2006], Persist by All India Radio [2009], Coney Island Funeral by Pinataland .
Conway's Band, led by Patrick Conway, records Miss Vixen, My Sweet Adair, Down In Bom-Bombay and other tracks for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey, USA.
Trichur V. Ramachandran is born in Thrissur, Kerala, India. He will become a popular Carnatic music vocalist.
Harry Roger Webb is christened at St Thomas' Roman Catholic Church, Dehradun, India. He will find fame as UK pop idol Cliff Richard.
The S.S.Ranchi docks at Tilbury, England, UK, Europe, after a three week voyage from Bombay, India. Among the passengers is young Harry Webb, moving to the UK with his family. He will find fame as British pop idol Cliff Richard.
Peter Van Hooke is born in Stanmore, Middlesex, UK. He will become one of the most in-demand drummers in rock, working with Van Morrison, Cliff Richard, Mike And The Mechanics and many others.
The Coronets, with Duke Ellington on piano, record Swamp Drum, Sultry Serenade, Indian Summer and Britt-And-Butter Blues for Mercer Records in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Cliff Richard and The Drifters [later re-named The Shadows] play in a talent contest at The Gaumont, Shepherd's Bush, London, UK, where they are seen by agent George Ganjou.
Cliff Richard is signed to EMI Records in the UK. He will become Britain's most enduring pop-rock idol.
Cliff Richard And The Drifters play at The Granada, Mansfield, UK, supported by Chas McDevitt, The Betty Smith Quintet, The Four Jones Boys and Jimmy Tarbuck.
Living Doll by Cliff Richard And The Drifters reaches No1 in the UK singles chart, for the first of six weeks.
Cliff Richard and The Shadows enjoy their second consecutive UK No1 with Travellin' Light.
The Biggest Show Of Stars 1960 Winter Edition package tour plays at The Armoury, Pennsylvania, USA. Acts on the bill include Freddy Cannon, Clyde McPhatter, The Clovers, Bobby Rydell, Johnny And The Hurricanes, The Isley Brothers, The Crests, Cliff Richard and The Shadows, Sammy Turner and Linda Laurie.
The Biggest Show Of Stars 1960 Winter Edition package tour plays at Stanbaugh Auditorium, Youngstown, Ohio, USA. Acts on the bill include Freddy Cannon, Clyde McPhatter, The Clovers, Bobby Rydell, Johnny And The Hurricanes, The Isley Brothers, The Crests, Cliff Richard and The Shadows, Sammy Turner and Linda Laurie.
A Sunbeam Alpine motor car, owned by UK pop idol Cliff Richard, is stolen in Derby, UK.
The Soul Stirrers, including Sam Cooke, record I'm A Pilgrim at United Recorders, Hollywood, California, USA. On the same day, Cliff Richard records 'D' In Love, Catch Me and I Love You at EMI's Abbey Road studios, London, UK.
Alma Cogan is tonight's guest on Cliff Richards' weekly tv show in the UK.
For the second of two days, thousands of teenage rock'n'roll fans cause traffic chaos in Johannesburg, South Africa, as they besiege the hotel in which visiting British pop idol Cliff Richard is staying.
Cliff Richard and The Shadows play the sixth night in a six-week season at The Opera House, Blackpool, England, UK, Europe.
When The Girl In Your Arms Is The Girl In Your Heart by Cliff Richard enters the UK pop singles chart where it will peak at No3 during a stay of fifteen weeks.
The results of the annual readers poll in UK rock weekly NME [New Musical Express] are published, with the following results :
  • World Music Personality: Elvis Presley.
  • World Male Singer: Elvis Presley.
  • British Male Singer: Cliff Richard.
  • World Female Singer: Connie Francis.
  • British Female Singer: Helen Shapiro.
  • World Vocal Group: Everly Brothers.
  • British Vocal Personality: Adam Faith.
  • British Vocal Group: The Springfields.
  • British Small Group: The Shadows.
  • Instrumental Personality: Bert Weedon.
  • British Disc of the Year: Johnny Remember Me by John Leyton.
  • New Singer: John Leyton.
Cliff Richard, Alma Cogan and Bert Weedon feature in a year-end special edition of UK tv show Sunday Night At The London Palladium.
Cliff Richard and The Shadows star at the 10th Annual NME Poll Winners Concert in Wembley Pool Arena, London, UK. Brenda Lee and Johnny Burnette present awards to Cliff, Helen Shapiro and Billy Fury, among others. Live sets are provided by Shane Fenton [later to become Alvin Stardust], Acker Bilk, Adam Faith, Joe Brown, Karl Denver, Eden Kane, The Springfields, John Leyton, The Brook Brothers, all presented by deejay David Jacobs. The show is also notable as being the final appearance of The Shadows' bassist Jet Harris as a member of the group.
Do You Wanna Dance by Cliff Richard And The Shadows reaches No1 in the Australian Top Twenty singles chart.
Cliff Richard appears at a concert in Nairobi, Kenya, Africa, to raise funds for the care of delinquent children.
Teen movie Summer Holiday, starring Cliff Richard And The Shadows, is released to cinemas in Denmark, Europe.
Teen movie Summer Holiday, starring Cliff Richard And The Shadows, is released to cinemas in West Germany, Europe.
Cliff Richard is in the Canary Islands, Spain, Europe, continuing with the filming of his next movie, Wonderful Life.
Having completed work in the Canary Islands, Spain, Europe, on the film Wonderful Life, Cliff Richard And The Shadows fly back into the UK.
Cliff Richard is in EMI's Abbey Road studios, London, UK, recording German versions of two of his hits - Don't Talk To Him and I'm The Lonely One.
1. UK pop newspaper the NME [New Musical Express] publishes its table of chart success for the preceding year, in which 30 points are awarded for a No1 hit, 29 for a No2 and so on down to one point for a No30.
Artist Points
1. The Beatles 1232
2. The Bachelors 1035
3. The Rolling Stones 1005
4. Jim Reeves 958
5. Roy Orbison 824
6. The Searchers 749
7. Cliff Richard 747
8. Manfred Mann 676
9. Cilla Black. 618
10. The Hollies 610
A UK Silver Disc is awarded to the single The Minute You're Gone by Cliff Richard.
George Harrison of The Beatles is working on his song Within You, Without You at EMI's Abbey Road Studios, London, England, UK, Europe.
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Ravi Shankar plays at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Unimpressed by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Ringo Starr of The Beatles and his wife Maureen leave the Academy of Transcendental Meditation's compound in Rishikesh, India, Asia, and begin the journey home to the UK.
Cliff Richard performs six songs from which Britain's entry in the Eurovision Song Contest will be chosen, on UK tv's Cilla show, starring Cilla Black .
Cliff Richard begins a two day recording session at EMI's Abbey Road studios in London, UK, during which he will work on several songs including Help!, which was written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney of The Beatles.
The Concert For Bangladesh takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York City, USA, featuring George Harrison, Ravi Shankar, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan and others.
The final edition of It's Cliff Richard And Friends, the second weekly tv variety series starring Cliff Richard, is broadcast in the UK on BBC-1.
Cliff Richard attends a reception at the British Embassy, Moscow, during what is claimed to be the first western pop tour of Russia.
Ghost Town by The Specials reaches No1 in the UK singles chart. The song's inspiration had come some months earlier, when The Specials played at The Apollo, Glasgow, Scotland. When Jerry Dammers of The Specials saw elderly women selling their possessions on the Glasgow streets, he was inspired to write the song. "It was unbelievable," he said later. "It was clear that something was very, very wrong."
Concerned about the spread of domestic cassette recordings, the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) launches a campaign under the slogan Home Taping Is Killing Music, with support from Elton John, Gary Numan, Cliff Richard, 10cc and the Boomtown Rats.
Cliff Richard releases his 100th single, The Best Of Me, which goes on to become his 26th Top 3 entry in 30 years.
Gotye plays at Polo Day Out - Blue Frog, New Delhi, India, Asia.
Veteran British rock'n'roller and pop star Sir Cliff Richard releases his 100th album, The Fabulous Rock'n'Roll Songbook - a tribute to the early rock'n'roll songs and artists who inspired him.
The 7th annual Record Store Day is celebrated in independent record stores around the world, with artists making special appearances and issuing special vinyl and CD releases to encourage people to support local record shops. This year, Haim, Kings of Leon and Bombay Bicycle Club are among the artists taking part, and One Direction release a special version of their single Midnight Memories.
The Prodigy, Bombay Bicycle Club, Madness, BossHoss, and others play on the sixth day of the seven-day long Sziget Festival, Óbudai-Sziget, Budapest, Hungary, Europe.
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