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, leader of The
against King Richard II of England, is
attacked and murdered with no warning, while speaking with the king
under a flag of truce, by Sir William Walworth [Lord Mayor of
London] and John Cavendish, a member of the king's retinue. This
betrayal effectively ended the revolt. The 1985 song Wat Tyler
tells the sorry tale of Tyler's betrayal and death.
The Pilgrim Fathers
, having crossed the Atlantic Ocean in The Mayflower, catch their first sight of the American coast off Cape Cod, New England. Their journey (and its consequences) will inspire the song Charlie Darwin
by The Low Anthem
The Battle Of Borodino
, Borodino, to the west of Moscow. The battle will inspire Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture
which depicts the military action in music. The triumphant main theme from the 1812 Overture will, in its turn, inspire the opening guitar riff for the 1966 hit single Night Of Fear
French forces under Napoleon defeat Russian forces commanded by General Mikhail Kutuzov, with the loss of up to 100,000 soldiers, at
During World War I, up to 100,000 British and German troops along the Western Front in Belgium, Europe, take part in an unofficial truce, singing Christmas carols together, exchanging gifts and even playing football. The incident, later to be known as The Christmas Truce
, will inspire Peter Hooton of The Farm to write their major hit single, All Together Now
As part of Operation Crossroads
, the United States detonates an atomic bomb underwater in the lagoon of Bikini Atoll
in the Micronesian Islands of the Pacific Ocean. Grace Slick
will be inspired by this event to record her 1984 song Bikini Atoll
, describing how the atomic blast might have seemed to a pair of lovers on the Atoll.
The Best-Selling record of 1959 according to the year-end poll in Cashbox
Magazine in the USA is Mack The Knife by Bobby Darin
US President John F. Kennedy is advised that the CIA has obtained
photographic evidence of a build up, by Russia, of medium range
ballistic missiles on the island of Cuba. Kennedy convenes a meeting of the nine members of the National Security Council and five other key advisers. The decisions taken by the Council will initiate the Cuban Missile Crisis
. Until the resolution of the crisis two weeks later, when Russia agrees to remove its missiles from Cuba, the world will live in fear of imminent nuclear war. The 1964 Phil Ochs
song Talking Cuban Crisis
depicts the responses of one ordinary American to the crisis.
plays the first of two nights at The Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA. The live album Bo Diddley's Beach Party
is recorded during these shows, despite the shows being broken up by local police because black members of Bo's band are seen to be dancing with white teenagers.
records Mack The Knife, Le Le La, The Song From Moulin Rouge and As Long As He Needs Me, at RCA Victor Studio, 800 17th Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee
Two thousand teenage anti-curfew demonstrators clash with over-zealous police near the
UK rock paper Disc and Music Echo reports that drummer Nigel Olsson of Plastic Penny
was, "rushed to hospital last week to have stitches inserted in his face following an incident at the Eastcote Clay Pigeon Club. A member of the audience smashed Nigel in the face with a broken bottle during the group's second number, and later in the evening the dance promoter was beaten up."
flies to riot-torn Washington DC, USA, to advise the youth of the city not to cause further grief in the wake of the assassination of Martin Luther King.
and Pete Townshend
of The Who plead not guilty in Manhattan Criminal Court, New York City, USA, to a charge of kicking a policeman during an on-stage scuffle in a New York concert. They are released on bail.
Clayton Perkins, the brother of Carl Perkins
, is found in dead in his bed at the age of 38, having shot himself with a .22 calibre pistol. In the 1950s, Clayton had been a member of the Perkins Brothers, with his brothers Carl and Jay.
is executed by firing squad at Utah State Prison, Draper, Utah, USA. The Adverts
will score a UK Top 20 hit with their song Gary Gilmore's Eyes
, which speculates about a possible eye donor recipient realizing his new eyes came from the executed murderer. The 1979 Police
song Bring On The Night
speculates about Gilmore's possible feelings on the evening before his execution.
Tonight's UK debut concert by American shock-rockers The Plasmatics
at Hammersmith Odeon, London, England, UK, Europe, is cancelled by the Greater London Council (GLC), who are alarmed by the band's tendency to blow up cars on stage.
A race riot takes place after a gig by skinhead band The 4 Skins in Southall, London, England, UK, Europe.
Thomas 'Kidso' Reilly, the brother of Stiff Little Fingers
member Jim Reilly, is shot dead shot by a member of the Light Infantry regiment on the Springfield Road in west Belfast, Northern Hreland, UK, Europe. His death will inspire his friends in the band Bananarama to write the 1984 song King Of The Jungle.
A psychiatric report states that Marvin Gaye
's father had a brain tumour which might have affected his behaviour when he murdered his son a month earlier.
in the USA unveils a standardized advisory sticker reading 'Parental Advisory. Explicit Lyrics.' for albums containing explicit lyrics. The sticker was developed in response to complaints about offensive lyrics by groups such as 2 Live Crew
On the second day of the Glastonbury Festival
in Pilton, Somerset, England, UK, five festival goers are shot by a crazed gunman.
Rapper Ol' Dirty Bastard
of the Wu Tang Clan is taken to hospital after being shot in the arm and back while trying to prevent a robbery at his cousin's home in Brooklyn, New York City, USA.
"shock and awe" bombing campaign
hits Baghdad, Iraq, Western Asia, and the northern Iraqi cities of Mosul and Kirkuk. Pentagon officials stated that the campaign would send 1,500 bombs and missiles over Iraq in the first 24 hours. Deaths are estimated at 6,616. Shock And Awe
by Neil Young
, Shock And Awe by Teenage Fanclub
and Dreaming Of Paris by Van Dyke Parks are among the many songs reflecting on the shock and awe campaign.
The first wave of America's
Pioneering rock'n'roller Hasil Adkins
, known to aficionados as 'The Haze', is deliberately run over in his front yard by a teenager driving an all-terrain vehicle. Adkins will be found dead in his home
in Madison, West Virginia, USA, ten days later.
Michael Dahlquist, drummer of Silkworm
, John Glick guitarist for The Returnables
, and Douglas Meis, drummer for Exo And The Dials, all die in a car crash
when a suicidal woman deliberately rams their car at traffic lights in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
, guitarist of House Of Freaks
, is found murdered along with his wife Kathryn, and daughters Stella and Ruby, in their home in Richmond, Virginia, USA.
and Madness, has to be abandoned because of violent anarchist riots. Rick Smith from British electronic outfit Underworld is hospitalized after reportedly being hit with a brick.
The Ejekt Festival at The Olympic Training Ground, Athens, Greece, Europe, starring The
Amelle Berrabah of The Sugababes
is arrested in Aldershot
, England, UK, Europe, after allegedly causing criminal damage to a car belong to a neighbour.
Robert Levon Been, bassist of Black Rebel Motorcycle Club
, throws a water bottle into the audience during a gig at Backstage, Munich, Germany, Europe. In due course, he will be fined 18,500 euros and given a three month suspended sentence, because the bottle injured a fan's eye.
Rapper Gucci Mane
is arrested one day after being released on bail from prison in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, where he was incarcerated for assaulting a man in an Atlanta nightclub with a bottle. Today's arrest is related to a probation violation.
and Joe Purdy play an impromptu gig at The Royale
, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, in support of the people of Ferguson which has lately been riven by riots, following the death of a local youth shot dead by police.
A charge of attempting to procure murder
, against Phil Rudd, drummer of AC/DC
, is dropped by Tauranga Crown Solicitor Greg Hollister-Jones of Tauranga, New Zealand. Charges of threatening to kill and possession of methamphetamine and cannabis remain to be faced.
During an appearance by Chris Brown
at The Fiesta nightclub in San Jose, California, USA, five people are shot and injured. (This incident will lead to his probation being revoked several days later.)
release their seventh album Drones
on Warner Bros. Records in Japan, Norway and Sweden.
During her concert in Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt, Germany, Europe, Rihanna
dedicates her song Diamonds to the memory of those who died in the recent terrorist incident in the city of Nice, France, when Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel drove a lorry into a crowd celebrating the country's national Bastille
Day holiday. Rihanna
had been in Nice on the day of the attack.