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Racism

Reuben Ernest Crowdus is born in Bowling Green, Kentucky, USA. He will find success as Ernest Hogan, the first African-American entertainer to produce and star in a Broadway show (The Oyster Man in 1907). Hogan will also help to popularize the musical genre of ragtime. Perhaps his most famous composition is the controversial ragtime hit All Coons Look Alike To Me.
Banjoist and comedian Al Reeves' Famous Big Company plays the second of three nights at The Gaeity Theatre, Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA. The entertainment, a blackface minstrel show, is billed as featuring "20 White and 20 Black, headed by the celebrated Inez Mecusker".
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a play with music, is presented at The Academy Of Music, Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 88 performances.
Josephine Gassman And Her Pickaninnies play at The Chutes And Zoo, San Francisco, California, USA. Also onthe bill are The Gillen Family, Madeline Franks, Powers And Freed, Carroll The Whistler and The Samayoas.
The Hungarian Gypsy Band, The Chapelle Sisters (Songs and Acrobatic Dances) and McIntyre And Heath in 'Georgia Minstrels - The Personification Of Whole-souled Irresistible Fun" are among the entertainments on offer all week at Chase's Polite Vaudeville Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
The Gus Sun American Minstrels play at Truitt's Theater, Heraldsburg, California, USA.
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Al G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The Metropolitan Theatre, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Eleanor Falk And Her Ten Sunbeams are heading the bill at Forest Park Highalnds, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Also appearing are "coon shouter" Artie Hall, "musical mokes" Snyder And Buckley, and singer/dancer Ray Sullivan.
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The Williams And Walker Company give a Command Performance of their hit African-American musical In Dahomey at Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, in celebration of the Duke Of Windsor's eighth birthday. This is the first command performance at the Palace by a group of Negro theatrical entertainers.
Pastor's Theatre in New York City, USA, is offering entertainment from The Crane Brothers And Belmont, Rube Minstrels, Manley And Rose, Frank O'Brien, The Bell Trio and Josie And Willie Barrows.
The Negro Music Journal, based in Washington DC, is launched in the USA. The publication is described as "A monthly magazine devoted to the educational interests of the Negro in music." The Journal's editor is J. Hillary Taylor and an annual subsciption costs $1.00.
Sheet music for the song Evah Dahkey Is A King, from the musical In Dahomey, is published as a free supplement in The New York American And Journal. the song was performed in the musical by the comedy duo Williams And Walker.
Haverly's Minstrels, featuring George Wilson - The King Of Fun -Makers, are appearing at The California Theater, San Francisco, California, USA.
Blackface comedy duo McIntyre And Heath plus The Orpheum Road Show begin a week of shows at The Orpheum, San Francisco, California, USA. McIntyre And Heath were said to be the best-known, and highest paid, minstrel performers of all time. They are thought to have introduced the "buck and wing" tapdance routine as well as the song Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight.
Male vocalist Silas Leachman records Must You Roll Dem Eyes?, The Jolly Students, Tis Not Always The Bullets That Kill and Sacred To The Memory Of Our Carter, for Victor Records in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
In Dahomey, billed as "A Negro Musical Comedy", is presented at The Shaftesbury Theatre, London, UK.
Prof. W.F. Craig's Orchestra plays at The National Negro Business League's 11th Annual Meeting Banquet in Grand Central Palace, Lexington Avenue, New York City, USA.
The Primrose And Dockstader Minstrels play the third of five nights at The Belasco Theatre, Washington CD, USA.
Blackface entertainer Josephine Gassman And Her Picaninnies play during a six-night run at The Empire Theatre, Brunswick, Victoria, Australia, Oceania.
The Morning Star newspaper of Wilmington, North Carolina, USA, reports that the city has outlawed "dance creations of questionable nature" such as the Shimmy Shivers, the Tank Tango and the Prohibition Jag. Dancers performing such immoral dances are to be ejected from the dance floor. This is part of an ongoing national attempt to ban dances considered improper, and usually performed to the accompaniment of ragtime or jazz music.
Eugene Hadamosky, radio program director in the Propaganda Ministry of Nazi-controlled Germany, Europe, declares, "As of today nigger jazz is finally switched off on the German radio." With these words, jazz and swing music are banned in Germany, with the threat of incarceration in a concentration camp for anyone violating the ban.
Duke Ellington And His Orchestra play the first of two nights at Sweet's Ballroom, Oakland, California, USA, where the management operates a policy of separate nights for whites and blacks.
When Duke Ellington And His Orchestra play the second of two nights at Sweet's Ballroom, Oakland, California, USA, a boycott is held to protest against the venue's policy of charging higher admission prices to black patrons.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Paul Robeson speaks at The Conference For Equal Rights For Negroes In The Arts, Sciences And Professions, in New York City, USA.
During a huge public protest outside Davidson Courthouse in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, following the bombing of the home of black lawyer Z. Alexander Looby, a young white man called Guy Carawan strums his guitar and sings an old gospel song, I Will Overcome Some Day, with its lyric changed to We Shall Overcome. Soon the whole crowd is singing along. The civil rights revolution now has its anthem, which will be sung by protest movements worldwide.
Oscar Brown Jr. is playing at The Village Vanguard, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
The Max Roach Quintet, Abbey Lincoln and Mal Waldron play during a two-week residency at The Jazz Gallery, New York City, USA. The gigs provide a showcase for Roach's Freedom Now Suite, which powerfully advocates civil rights.
Folk trio Peter, Paul and Mary, march and sing at the Selma-to-Montgomery march for civil rights in Alabama, USA.
Martin Luther King sends a telegram to Dr. Clinton Warner advising him of an upcoming concert in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, by Sammy Davis Jr, who he describes as "one of the world's greatest entertainers".
Society's Child, a ground-breaking inter-racial love song by young singer-songwriter Janis Ian peaks at No14 on the Billboard Top 40 singles chart in the USA.
The Detroit Race Riots [also known as the 12th Street Rioting] continue into a second day in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Over the five days of riots, 43 people will die. The Gordon Lightfoot song Black Day In July is about these riots.
The New Christy Minstrels are playing at The Fairmont, San Francisco, California, USA.
James Brown flies to riot-torn Washington DC, USA, to advise the youth of the city not to cause further grief in the wake of the assassination of Martin Luther King.
Controversial right wing politician Enoch Powell delivers his infamous 'Rivers Of Blood' speech to a Conservative Association meeting in Birmingham, England, UK, Europe. In due course, several rock stars, including Rod Stewart and Eric Clapton will speak out in support of Powell's policies which, essentially, advocate sending back immigrants to their homelands. The speech also inspired an early version of the song Get Back by The Beatles, plus their unreleased Commonwealth Song in which McCartney sings, "Dirty Enoch Powell said to the immigrants, immigrants you better get back to your commonwealth homes."
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In The Ghetto by Elvis Presley enters the Billboard Top 40 singles chart in the USA, where it will peak at No3 during an eleven-week run.
While Jimi Hendrix is spending three days off, at the Diamond Head mansion in Hawaii, USA, the local chapter of Black Panthers come knocking on his door.
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John Lennon and Yoko Ono are interviewed by Tariq Ali and Robin Blackburn for the radical left wing publication, Red Mole, in their Tittenhurst Park home near Ascot, Berkshire, England, UK, Europe. The next day, inspired by the ideas put forward in the interview, Lennon will write his song Power To The People.
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Lynval Golding of the Fun Boy Three is attacked at a disco in Coventry, England, UK, Europe, and requires 29 stitches in his face and neck.
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Weekly UK tv show Top Of The Pops features Lulu, Chris De Burgh, Status Quo and The Smiths, along with Boris Gardiner, Gwen Guthrie and Sinitta.
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Judy Collins, Richie Havens, Tracy Chapman, The Mighty Sparrow and others play at a rally and concert for Nelson Mandela in Yankee Stadium, New York City, USA.
Peter Gabriel enters the UK singles chart with Biko, about murdered South African Civil Rights leader Steve Biko, which will peak at No38.
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In the cover feature in Rolling Stone magazine, Garth Brooks defends his stance on homosexuality and interracial marriage in his song We Shall Be Free. He declares, "I do believe that God exists. I do believe in the Bible. But I can't see that loving somebody is a sin".
Ghetto Gospel by 2Pac (aka Tupac Shakur) featuring Elton John enters the UK pop singles chart at No1.
Wealthy Maryland landowner William Zantzinger, the subject of Bob Dylan's 1963 protest song The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll, dies, aged 69. In 1963, a 24-year-old Zantzinger struck and killed Hattie Carroll - a 51-year-old black barmaid - at a Baltimore hotel.
Jazz legend Duke Ellington makes history as the first African American to have his image featured on a circulating U.S. coin, the quarter-dollar issued by the US Mint today.
Brad Paisley and LL Cool J release a new duet, Accidental Racist, on Paisley's latest LP Wheelhouse, in the USA.
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The Anti-Anti Beyonce Protest Rally takes place in front of the NFL Headquarters in New York City, USA, with just three protesters objecting to Beyonce's recent Super Bowl half-time performance, which featured backing dancers dressed as members of radical political organisation the Black Panthers. A larger number of pro-Beyonce supporters also turned up at the rally.
Lorde publishes a letter to her fans as an advert in the New Zealand Herald newspaper. The message thanks her fans "for believing in female musicians" and states that her Grammy nomination "belongs to you". Her letter/advert comes in the wake of criticism lodged against the 2018 Grammys for failing to recognise female artists, with Alessia Cara being the only woman to win a major award (for Best New Artist).
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2018