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Racism

A Juneteenth celebration is held in East Woods Park, Austin, Texas, USA. Juneteenth is a cultural holiday for African Americans, celebrating the emancipation of the last remaining slaves in the USA. The event includes festive celebrations filled with music, poetry, parades, rodeos, street fairs and other activities.
Famed soprano Camille D'Arville, popular vocalist Belle Davis billed as "The Southern Song Queen With Her Pickaninnies" and others play the fifth night of a week at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, Californika, USA.
Famed soprano Camille D'Arville, popular vocalist Belle Davis billed as "The Southern Song Queen With Her Pickaninnies" and others play the sixth night of a week at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, Californika, USA.
Clarice Vance, billed as "The Best Singer Of Coon Songs", plays at The Palace Theatre, New York City, USA.
The Hungarian Gypsy Band, The Chapelle Sisters (Songs and Acrobatic Dances) and McIntyre And Heath in 'Georgia Minstrels - The Personification Of Whole-souled Irresistible Fun" are among the entertainments on offer all week at Chase's Polite Vaudeville Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
The Trocadero Quartette present "Their black-face character creation - The Telephone Agent" during a week at Chase's Theatre, Washington DC, USA. Also on the bill are The Hungarian Gypsy Band, "comedy trick violinist" Chevriel and "The Dainty Singing And Dancing Comedienne" Kitty Fox Allen.
Primrose And Dockstader's Minstrels are appearing at Hammerstein's Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Character singer Lizzie B. Raymond, minstrel act Lew Hawkins, singing and dancing duo Lavender And Tomsom, novelty instrumentalists Mallory Bros And Brooks and banjo and Xylophone Virtuoso Musical Thor are among the performers at The Columbia Theatre, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
Blackface minstrel entertainer Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA. Also on the bill is Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
Blackface minstrel entertainer Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA. Also on the bill is Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
Eleanor Falk And Her Ten Sunbeams are heading the bill at Forest Park Highalnds, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Also appearing are "coon shouter" Artie Hall, "musical mokes" Snyder And Buckley, and singer/dancer Ray Sullivan.
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The Williams And Walker Company give a Command Performance of their hit African-American musical In Dahomey at Buckingham Palace, London, England, UK, in celebration of the Duke Of Windsor's eighth birthday. This is the first command performance at the Palace by a group of Negro theatrical entertainers.
Sheet music for the song Parthenia Johnsing, described as "a new Negro melody" is given away in the music supplement of Hearst's Chicago American Newspaper in Chicago, Illinois, USA. The song is composed by Will Marion Cook, composer of In Dahomey, and is listed as being "sung by Abbie Mitchell".
In Old Kentucky is presented at The Boston Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The show features a "Pickaninny Brass Band" and is described as "The Frolic Of The Inimitable Pickanannies In Southern Songs And Plantation Dances".
In Old Kentucky is presented at The Boston Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The show features a "Pickaninny Brass Band" and is described as "The Frolic Of The Inimitable Pickanannies In Southern Songs And Plantation Dances".
Delmore And Lee, Lew Sully, Hickey And Nelson, Jennie Yeamans, The Wartenberg Brothers and The Harmony Four are appearing in the 'brilliant polite vaudeville' show at Chase's Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Local troupe The Elk Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
William McCabe's Georgia Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
Dan Kildare and a small group of Clef Club musicians from New York City, USA, arrive in Liverpool, England, UK, aboard the S.S. Megantic. They will make their way to London where they will serve as the house band at Ciro's Club, unfortunately billed as Ciro's Club Coon Orchestra.
Saxophone sextet The Six Brown Brothers record A La Carte and The Hustler March for Victor Records in New York City, USA.
Collins And Harlan, a comedy duo specialising in 'coon songs', record On The Good Ship Whip-Poor-Will for Columbia Records in New York City, USA.
A revival of the popular play In Old Kentucky, with "its original and genuine Pickaninny Band" is playing at The Lexington Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
The San Francisco Examiner reports that the Police Commission has decreed that "Dance Halls Must Close Sunday PM". The move is part of an ongoing campaign to eradicate the performing of such modern dances as The Grizzly Bear, Bunny Hug and Kangaroo Dip which encourage close bodily contact. Such dances, widely considered immoral, are generally performed to ragtime or jazz music.
Waterson, Berlin And Snyder of New York City, USA, publish a new rag, Oh! You Darkeys, by Henry Lange
South African singer and civil rights activist Miriam Makeba is born in Prospect Township, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Popular singer and recording pioneer S. H. Dudley dies aged 83 in Los Angeles, California, USA. As well as being a popular solo performer of coon songs and minstrel songs, he also recorded duets with Harry Macdonough and was a member of the Edison Male Quartet, which later became The Haydn Quartet.
The government of the USA revokes the passport of politically-active singer Paul Robeson, beginning an eight-year legal battle to have it restored. Robeson's struggle against censorship and racism will inspire The Manic Street Preachers to write their 2001 song Let Robeson Sing.
Paul Robeson addresses the World Peace Rally, sponsored by The National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, in New York City, USA.
Wesley Tuttle records They Locked God Outside The Iron Curtain for Capitol Records in Capitol Recording Studios, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA.
It is reported that a recent survey of music-buying habits in Southern California, USA, has revealed that a substantial proportion of jazz, blues and r'n'b records are now being bought by "Spanish and mixed-nationality" buyers whereas they were previously bought almost exclusively by Negro buyers. This change is attributed to the fact that several prominent radio deejays including Hunter Hancock (KFVD), Joe Aadams (KOWL) and Gene Norman (KLAC) are now playing this type of music to their audiences. Deejay and shop owner John Dolphin of KGFJ reports that about 40% of his retail business now comes from white buyers.
Elvis Presley perform Til I Waltz Again With You by Teresa Brewer during his performance at the Annual Minstrel Show in Humes High School, Memphis, Tennessee, USA. This is believed to have been his first live performance in front of an audience.
Jesse Belvin, composer of The Penguins' smash, Earth Angel, dies in a car crash near Little Rock in Hope, Arkansas, USA. Rumours that the local chapter of the Ku Klux Klan had tampered with his steering wheel are never substantiated.
UK pop weekly Melody Maker reports that the BBC's entry for the International Festival of Television Arts and Sciences is The Black And White Minstrel Show - in which white performers appear in blackface. Many consider this to be extremely bad taste.
Cliff Richard And The Shadows play to an all-white audience at The Colosseum, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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Connie Francis and Mike Clifford appear on tv's Ed Sullivan Show in New York City, USA. During this edition of the show, there is also an appearance by The All-America football team, who are seen dancing with eleven girls. The team features one black player, Bobby Bell, and the show specifically hires a black girl, Myrna White, to dance with him. When Sullivan learns that hundreds of letters criticising the decision have been sent to Jet magazine, he defends the segment, saying, "What's wrong with having Myrna White dance with Bobby Bell? Bell is a fine young man, two-time All-American, and any girl would be proud to dance with him." (White is subsequently hired as a permanent member of the show's chorus line, making her the first permanent negro chorus girl on television.)
Medgar Evers is buried with full military honours in Arlington National Cemetary, Arlington, Virginia, USA. Evers, a committed anti-segregation campaigner, had been shot in the back just days earlier in Jackson, Mississippi, by a white racist gunman. Evers' death will be the spark for the Bob Dylan song Only A Pawn In Their Game.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, a landmark piece of legislation in the United States outlawing major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women, including racial segregation, is passed into law in the USA. Bruce Hornsby's 1986 song The Way It Is ruminates on the fact that although, "They passed a law in '64, to give those who ain't got a little more", racism and discrimination have continued ever since.
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Society's Child, an inter-racial love song by young singer-songwriter Janis Ian enters the Billboard Top 40 singles chart in the USA, where it will peak at No14.
The Byrds embark on their tour of South Africa without singer and guitarist Gram Parsons, who refuses to set foot in a nation where apartheid is official policy. Parsons announces that he will form a new 'Southern soul group playing country and gospel oriented music with a steel guitar.' Thus The Flying Burrito Brothers are born.
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Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter, subject of the 1975 Bob Dylan song Hurricane, is finally freed from jail when the Federal District Court of Newark, New Jersey, USA, rules that his murder convictions were based on "racism rather than reason."
The UK's Sun newspaper alleges that Suggs, vocalist with left-leaning 2 Tone band Madness, is a close friend of skinhead racist band Skrewdriver.
At Tiger Stadium, Detroit, Michigan, USA, in front of 50,000 people, Nelson Mandela celebrates his freedom by quoting lines from the song What's Going On by Marvin Gaye.
British national tabloid newspaper The Sun runs the headline "Ramadan A Ding Dong" after tv station Channel 4 broadcasts a controversial Muslim call to prayer. The headline is a reference to the 1961 hit single Rama Lama Ding Dong by The Edsels.
Zendaya, Queen Latifah and MC Lyte are among the performers attending the 2016 Essence Black Women in Music event at Avalon, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Stevie Wonder and India Arie attend the Dinner For Equality co-hosted by Patricia Arquette and Marc Benioff in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Bruce Springsteen cancels a concert in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA, because of a state law which has invalidated anti-discrimination measures that protected gay and transgender people. The law also requires people to use public toilets that correspond to the sex listed on their birth certificates.
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2016