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Racism

The Union Club Annual Concert is held in the Town Hall, Alston, Cumberland, UK. Entertainment includes violin solos, recitations, and the following songs :
The Dandy Coloured Coon, Down By The Sea and In The Pale Moonlight by Mr. D.R. Denard; Little Cotton Dolly and Ambolena Snow [an Afro-American military ballad] by Miss Dora Whaley; Tomorrow Will Be Friday and Father O'Flynn by Mr. Gibbs; All Souls' Day and Curly Headed Baby by Miss Logan; Bonnets Of Blue by Miss James. A report in the local newspaper, The Northern News, notes that, 'A new feature was the gramophone, which was manipulated by Mr. Cyril Millican of Newcastle.'
Primrose And Dockstader's Big American Minstrels are playing at The Grand Opera House, New York City, USA.
Clarice Vance, billed as "The Best Singer Of Coon Songs", plays at The Palace Theatre, New York City, USA.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a play with music, is presented at The Academy Of Music, Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 88 performances.
Chicago-based minstrel show star Col Jack Haverly dies in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
William H. West's Big Minstrels are playing at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
Turner's Music House of Winnipeg, Canada, advertises for sale, in the Winnipeg Free Press, the sheet music to the song Mammy, recommending it as 'A new darky song, as pretty and catchy as Little Black Me'. N.B. This is presumably not the same song made famous by Al Jolson many years later.
Al. G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
John Grayton Dolphin is born in Beatrice, Alabama, USA. He will find success as jazz, Doo-woop, R'n'B and Rock'n'Roll music producer John Dolphin, aka Lovin John and The Toast of the Coast. He will work with, among others, Sam Cooke, Jesse Belvin, Charles Mingus, Pee Wee Crayton, Major Lance, Scatman Crothers, Harry Caesar, Tony Allen, Gene Forrest , Percy Mayfield, Damita Jo, Marvin Phillips, Jesse Belvin, Illinois Jacquet and Linda Hayes. Dolphin will also become a political activist, organising campaigns against racial intimidation in the music business.
Williams And Walker are starring in their musical show Sons Of Ham at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA. (A popular song and dance duo, Bert Williams and George Walker are often cited as the first African-American superstars.)
Put Me Off At Buffalo, billed as a "hilarious musical comedy success", is playing at The Bijou Theatre, Richmond, Virginia, USA. The play is based on a popular song of the same name, in which a passenger is mistakenly ejected from a train at Buffalo by an inebriated negro porter, described in the song as a 'coon' and a 'nigger'.
Put Me Off At Buffalo, billed as a "hilarious musical comedy success", is playing at The Bijou Theatre, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
Al G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The Metropolitan Theatre, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Eleanor Falk And Her Ten Sunbeams are heading the bill at Forest Park Highalnds, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Also appearing are "coon shouter" Artie Hall, "musical mokes" Snyder And Buckley, and singer/dancer Ray Sullivan.
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Josephine Gassman And Her Rollicking Louisiana Picaninnies are among the cast of 'Vaudeville entertainers' appearing at The Opera House, Auckland, New Zealand, Oceania.
The Atlanta (Georgia) Constitution newspaper runs a feature headlined Down In The Dancehalls Of Decatur Street, which declares that, "It is at night, when the work of the day is done and cares and troubles are thrust away, that the darkey finds his true enjoyment, and nothing gives him more pleasure than a dance. Next to the dance comes the pool table with the city negro. It is said that those who have conducted dance halls and run pool halls in the city for the negroes have laid aside considerable fortunes".
The Rabbit's Foot Minstrels (an all black musical company) perform their two act musical comedy show A Rabbit's Foot, at The Buckingham Theater, Tampa, Florida, USA. This is their final show of the season, and owner Pat Chappelle uses the occasion to place an advert in The Freeman pointing out that he has "accomplished what no other Negro has done - successfully run a Negro show without the help of a single white man."
Haverly's Minstrels, with George Wilson, are appearing at The California Theater, San Francisco, California, USA.
"Real Coon Entertainers" are performing at The Bijou Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The troupe is advertised as being, "as clever as those in the Golden Gate Quintet at Keith's this week".
Described as 'Vaudeville top-notchers', Imro Fox And Co, The Montrose Family, Libby And Trayer (in their Artistic Musical Potpourri), Sailor And Barbaretto, Snyder And Buckley (the Merry Monarchs Of The Musical World), Wm Friend And Co and Arthur Deming (The Emperor Of Minstrelsy) are appearing at The Orpheum, San Francisco, California, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Doc Parmley, a noted jazz and minstrel show trumpeter, is born in Conway, Southern Carolina, USA.
The Shoo-Fly Regiment, an all-black musical production with music by Bob Cole and Billy Johnson, plays at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
Cohan And Harris' Minstrels play at The New York Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Florence Greenberg is born in New Jersey, USA. She will achieve success as a record label owner, music executive and record producer. Greenberg will found and own Tiara Records, Scepter Records, Hob Records and Wand Records. She will become best known for her work with several popular singers in the 60s including Dionne Warwick, The Shirelles, Tammi Terrell, Chuck Jackson, B.J. Thomas and others. She will also become active in the Civil Rights movement.
African-American comedian, songwriter and singer Sherman H. Dudley is playing at The Empress Theatre, Des Moines, Iowa, USA.
Collins And Harlan, a comedy duo specialising in 'coon songs', record On The Good Ship Whip-Poor-Will for Columbia Records in New York City, USA.
The Logansport KKK Quartet records Our Song
Due to public outrage over the erotic content of several recent 'race' recordings, the United States Congress in Washington DC, USA, tries but fails to pass a bill forbidding distribution of any "obscene, lewd, lascivious, or filthy publication, picture, disc, transcription, or other article capable of producing sound."
The Ku Klux Klan attempts to intimidate black deejay Shelley 'The Playboy' Stewart during his weekly record-hop in Bessemer, Alabama, USA, but Stewart's all-white audience attacks The Klan on his behalf.
On learning that tonight's dance concert at Bell Auditorium in Augusta, Georgia, USA, is to be segregated [whites on the dance floor, blacks in the balcony] headiner Ray Charles announces that he will not be performing and immediately leaves town. He will be sued, taken to court and fined $757.
Mafia boss Carlos Marcello is extradited from New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, to Guatemala, South America, as an illegal immigrant. His family-owned Jefferson Music Company dominated the juke box, slot machine and pinball trade in the New Orleans area. Marcello is known to have used his Mafia contacts to try to persuade Frank Sinatra to use his friendship with the Kennedy family to negate the deportation order. He is also known to have close ties with the Ku Klux Klan.
At an informal dinner at Al And Dick's in New York City, USA, Florence Greenberg, President Of Sceptre Records, maps out proposals for an organisation to be called "The Music Industry Sings Out On Human Rights". The organisation is being set up to raise funds to advance the cause of Civil Rights for all segments of the population. Fund-raising Sing Out live events are to be held over the coming months, underwritten by record companies.
Yet another Dick Clark-promoted Caravan of Stars sets off across America, this one featuring Tom Jones, Peter And Gordon, The Shirelles, The Drifters, The Turtles, Brian Hyland, Billy Joe Royal, Mel Carter and The Jive Five.
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The musical Hallelujah Baby! wins a Tony Award as Best Musical of the year at The Shubert Theatre, New York City, USA.
Gospel artist Shirley Caesar is presented with a scroll in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, in recognition of her crusade for civil rights.
Aretha Franklin, Wilson Pickett, Sam And Dave, Joe Tex, Sonny And Cher and The Rascals play in the NATRA (National Association Of Television And Radio Announcers) Benefit Show for the Martin Luther King Foundation at Randall's Island, New York State, USA.
The Top Ten songs being played on WKNR Radio in Detroit, Michigan, USA, for the week ending on this date are as follows :



1. People Got To Be Free The Rascals

2. Hello I Love You The Doors

3. Born To Be Wild Steppenwolf

4. Sunshine Of Your Love Cream 5. Light My Fire Jose Feliciano

6. 1-2-3 Red Light 1910 Fruit Gum Company

7. You Keep Me Hangin' On Vanilla Fudge

8. Soul Limbo Booker T And the MG's

9. Sealed With A Kiss Gary Lewis

10. Dream A Little Dream Of Me Mama Cass

Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell release a new single, The Onion Song, in the USA.
Inspired by reading Black Panther leader George Jackson's book Soledad Brother, Bob Dylan releases a new single, George Jackson, in the USA on Columbia Records.
The Clash, Tom Robinson Band, Steel Pulse, The Ruts and X-Ray Specs play at the Anti-Nazi League Carnival, sponsored by Rock Against Racism in London, UK.
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On their Kick Over Apartheid tour, The Redskins play at Sussex University, Brighton, England, UK, Europe, supported by The Boothill Foot-Tappers.
Judy Collins, Richie Havens, Tracy Chapman, The Mighty Sparrow and others play at a rally and concert for Nelson Mandela in Yankee Stadium, New York City, USA.
Savatage play at The Boathouse, Norfolk, Virginia, USA. After the show, having misunderstood singer Jon Olivia's comments and lyrics about the political situation in Iran, a security guard punches him in the face.
Rapper Tupac Shakur (aka 2Pac Shakur) is denounced by US Vice President Dan Quayle, who declares that Shakur's album 2Pacalypse Now "has no place in our society".
It is reported that Feargal Sharkey, CEO of music industry representative body U.K. Music, has written to Metropolitan Police commissioner Sir Ian Blair expressing concerns about personal details being demanded by Form 696, part of the risk assessment procedure for live events in London, England, UK, Europe. One major concern highlighted in Sharkey's latter is that "In explicitly singling out performances and musical styles favored by the black community: garage and R'n'B, and MCs and DJs, we believe the use of risk assessment Form 696 is disproportionate, unacceptable and damaging to live music in the U.K."
Syd Kitchen, who found success as a folk, jazz and rock musician, much admired for his uncompromising attitudes toward the music business as well as for his music, dies aged 60 of lung cancer, in Durban, South Africa.
Marikana: The Musical premieres at The Graeme College Theatre during The National Arts Festival in Grahamstown, South Africa. Based on the book We Are Going To Kill Each Other Today, the show tells the story of the police massacre of 34 striking mine workers at Marikana in 2012.
Run The Jewels play in The Ready Room, St. Louis, Missouri, USA,
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2014