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Racism

Reuben Ernest Crowdus is born in Bowling Green, Kentucky, USA. He will find success as Ernest Hogan, the first African-American entertainer to produce and star in a Broadway show (The Oyster Man in 1907). Hogan will also help to popularize the musical genre of ragtime. Perhaps his most famous composition is the controversial ragtime hit All Coons Look Alike To Me.
The Battle Of The Little Bighorn, also known as Custer's Last Stand, begins near the Little Bighorn River in eastern Montana Territory, near what eventually became Crow Agency, Montana, USA. By the end of the following day, combined forces of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho people will have defeated the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army and killed their commander, General George Custer. A humourous 1960 re-telling of the conflict, Mr Custer by Larry Verne, presents the battle from the perspective of an unwilling cavalryman, who has had a grim premonition of the battle in a dream. It will reach No1 in the USA.
Primrose And Dockstader's Big American Minstrels are playing at The Grand Opera House, New York City, USA.
Clarice Vance, billed as "The Best Singer Of Coon Songs", plays at The Palace Theatre, New York City, USA.
William H. West's Big Minstrels are playing at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
Burlesque troupe The Wine, Women And Song Company play during a week at The Star Theatre, Scranton, New Jersey, USA. Heading the bill are Bonita And Company "well-known for their abilities in the creation of Coon songs and dances"
S.H.Dudley records The Whistling Bowery Boy, Not By A Dam Side, I'm Tired, My Sambo, Nobody's Looking But The Owl And The Moon, That's The Kind and You Couldn't Hardly Notice It At All for Victor Records in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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Eleanor Falk And Her Ten Sunbeams are heading the bill at Forest Park Highalnds, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Also appearing are "coon shouter" Artie Hall, "musical mokes" Snyder And Buckley, and singer/dancer Ray Sullivan.
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Burt Shepard records Parody On Suwanee River, Running Up And Down The Stairs, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Three Women To Every Man and When Father Laid The Carpet On The Stairs for Victor Records in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Cornettist Walter B. Rogers and Sousa's Band record Yankee Doodle, Old Black Joe and Absence Makes The Heart Grow Fonder for RCA Victor Records in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Haverly's Minstrels, featuring George Wilson - The King Of Fun -Makers, are appearing at The California Theater, San Francisco, California, USA.
Genaro And Bailey, Horace Goldin, James Thornton, Kathryn Osterman, Donahue And Nichols, The Rio Brothers and William Cahill are providing entertainment at Keith's, Broadway, New York City, USA.
At Kernan's Home Of Burlesque in Washington DC, USA, the bill is topped by a performance of Wine, Woman And Song featuring Bonita And Her Cuban And African Midgets.
Tom Costello, with piano accompaniment, records I've Made Up My Mind To Sail Away, The Black List, The Sheeny Coon and Sailing Home for G&T Records in London, England, UK, Europe.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Local troupe The Elk Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
"Wilson Banned Ball Fearing Turkey Trot," is a headline story in today's New York Times. According to the report, the Inaugural Committee was told that the president-elect (Woodrow Wilson) wants to cancel the usual Inaugural Ball because he fears "there would be indulgence in the turkey trot, the bunny hug and other ragtime dances and thus provoke what might amount to a National scandal." The paper reports that the committee agreed to scrap the soiree.
The Primrose And Dockstader Minstrels play the fourth of five nights at The Belasco Theatre, Washington CD, USA.
The Washington Post reports that Catholic bishops in Nashville (Tennessee) and Cincinnati (Ohio) have told their flocks that dancers of the Turkey Trot will not be forgiven for their sins. This is part of an ongoing effort to ban such modern 'animal' dances as The Turkey Trot, Grizzly Bear and Bunny Hug, which are widely considered immoral, and are usually performed to the accompaniment of ragtime or jazz music.
Dan Kildare and a small group of Clef Club musicians from New York City, USA, arrive in Liverpool, England, UK, aboard the S.S. Megantic. They will make their way to London where they will serve as the house band at Ciro's Club, unfortunately billed as Ciro's Club Coon Orchestra.
The Peerless Quartet record In Blinky Winky Chinky Chinatown and Bounce Me John, I've Rubber Heels On, for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey, USA.
African-American comedian, songwriter and singer Sherman H. Dudley is playing at The Empress Theatre, Des Moines, Iowa, USA.
The Southern Syncopated Orchestra, a large American jazz ensemble featuring young clarinettist Sidney Bechet, plays a concert in the amphitheatre formed by the bed of the drained Buckingham Palace lake, attended by the King and Queen in Buckingham Palace London, England, UK, Europe. The Daily Telepgraph will describe the orchestra as "A Nigger Jazz Band".
The All Black musical show Chocolate Kiddies, featuring the dancers Rufus Greenlee and Thadeus Drayton, with music written by Duke Ellington and performed by The Band, aka The Chocolate Kiddies Orchestra, is performed at The Admiralspalast, Berlin, Germany, Europe, during a run of 65 performances.
Fiddlin' John Carson And His Virginia Reels record Flat-Footed Nigger, Soldier's Joy, Bully On The Town, The Hawk And The Buzzard, Hell Broke Loose In Georgia amd Hop Light, Lady, with producer Ralph Peer for OKeh Records in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
German hit-song composer Rudolf Nelson stages a revue starring Josephine Baker at the Nelson-Theater on Kurfrstendamm, Berlin, Germany, Europe.
When Louis Armstrong plays his first-ever British show, at The London Palladium, London, England, UK, Europe, a considerable number of audience members walk out. Angered by the insult to Armstrong, a young man, Nat Gonella, attempts to trip up some of the departing crowd as they leave the theatre. Gonella will become a jazz star in his own right.
Eugene Von Grona's American Negro Ballet is premiered at the Lafayette Theatre, Harlem, New York City, USA, with dance sequences inspired by the music of Duke Ellington, W.C. Handy, Johann Sebastian Bach and Igor Stravinsky.
When Duke Ellington And His Orchestra play the second of two nights at Sweet's Ballroom, Oakland, California, USA, a boycott is held to protest against the venue's policy of charging higher admission prices to black patrons.
A historic day on the path to rock'n'roll, when ASCAP [American Society of Composers Artists and Performers] imposes a ban on radio playing any of the songs it controls. ASCAP represents the rights of many powerful Broadway songwriters, and is fighting a rearguard action to keep blacks and country writers off the radio. The direct result of the ASCAP action will be the formation of the BMI [Broadcast Music Industry] which will admit songwriters of all races, colours and creeds. BMI thus allowed the voices of minorities and younger people to be heard, paving the way for r'n'b and rock'n'roll.
It is reported that jazz drummer and bandleader Gene Krupa has been fined for trying to defend black trumpeter Roy 'Little Jazz' Eldridge against the racist actions of the owner of the Valencia Ballroom, York, Pennsylvania, USA. The owner had tried to refuse Eldridge entry to the ballroom on grounds of his race. Krupa became involved in a fight with the restaurant owner, which led to him being arrested and fined $10.
When The Biggest Show For 1951, starring Nat King Cole, Duke Ellington and Sarah Vaughan, plays at The City Auditorium, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, black fans are told they must enter the venue by a side door. The Baltimore Afro-American newspaper reports that about 1,000 people tore up their tickets in protest but "more than 4,000 crowded in to see and hear Duke Ellington, Sarah Vaughan and Nat (King) Cole" and "there were 1,500 white record fans with a great big section all to themselves."
Paul Robeson speaks at The Conference For Equal Rights For Negroes In The Arts, Sciences And Professions, in New York City, USA.
A white mob forces nine black students, The Little Rock Nine, who have entered Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA, to leave the premises. The nine will not be able to attend the school until two days later, when 1,000 US paratroopers are required to protect them from segregationist whites. Jazzman Charles Mingus will be compose his song Fables Of Faubus about the state governor, Orval E. Faubus, who handled the situation so badly, and a song, The Little Rock Nine, will be written in support of the students. Another song, State Of Arkansas (My Name Is Terry Roberts), best-known in a version by Pete Seeger, focuses its attention on the story of one member of the Little Rock Nine.
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Cliff Richard and The Shadows begin a tour of South Africa.
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Bob Howard, billed as "One of America's Top Negro Pianists" plays at Pierre's Club 76, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Bo Diddley plays the first of two nights at The Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA. The live album Bo Diddley's Beach Party is recorded during these shows, despite the shows being broken up by local police because black members of Bo's band are seen to be dancing with white teenagers.
At Record Plant, New York City, USA, the Jimi Hendrix Experience tracks Long Hot Summer Night and House Burning Down are mixed. (House Burning Down is said to have been inspired by the Watts Riots in Los Angeles.)
Nina Simone begins three weeks of recording sessions at RCA's Manhattan B Studio, during which she will record, among other things, the Bob Dylan songs I Shall Be Released, The Times They Are A-Changin' and Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues.
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While Jimi Hendrix is spending three days off, at the Diamond Head mansion in Hawaii, USA, the local chapter of Black Panthers come knocking on his door.
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UK rock weekly newspaper the NME [New Musical Express] announces that Kiki Dee has become the first British female to be signed by Motown Records in the USA.
British punk band Sham 69 pull out of a proposed Rock Against Racism Carnival in London, UK, claiming concern that they will be blamed if any violence breaks out.
Beyoncé, Johnny Clegg, Jimmy Cliff, The Corrs, Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Eurythmics, Queen, Peter Gabriel, Robert Plant, Anastacia, Bob Geldof, Paul Oakenfold with Shifty Shellshock and TC, the Soweto Gospel Choir, the Amampondo Drummers, Baaba Maal, Youssou N'Dour, Yusuf Islam (aka Cat Stevens), The Who, Angelique Kidjo, Bono and The Edge of U2, Abdel Wright, Chris Thompson, Zoe Nicholas, Treana Morris, Yvonne Chaka Chaka, Bongo Maffin, Danny K, Watershed, Zucchero, Ms. Dynamite and Andrew Bonsu play in the 46664 AIDS benefit concert in honour of Nelson Mandela, in Green Point Stadium, Cape Town, South Africa. The event is hosted by Mandela.
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Ghetto Gospel by 2Pac (aka Tupac Shakur) featuring Elton John enters the UK pop singles chart at No1.
During his speech at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City, USA, Hugo Chávez criticises Cuban exiles in Miami who recently destroyed (using a steamroller) CDs by popular Latin musician Juanes CDs in protest against his involvement in the Peace Without Borders II concert in Havana, Cuba, Caribbean.
In an open letter in Salon magazine, Pink Floyd members Roger Waters and Nick Mason ask the Rolling Stones to cancel their upcoming gig in Tel Aviv, Israel, Europe, on the grounds that it is now "the moral equivalent of playing Sun City at the height of South African apartheid."
Usher concludes his 28-date UR Experience Tour with a gig at The Tampa Bay Times Forum, Tampa, Florida, USA. At the show, he wears a T-shirt reading 'I can't breathe', which is a reference to the last words of Eric Garner, an unarmed black man killed in July after a white police officer placed him in a chokehold.
Responding to the British Government's recent policy statement on plans for the UK's future immigration, Geoff Taylor, Chief Executive BPI and BRIT Awards, states, "We understand Government's desire to bring in new immigration rules that treat visitors from third countries equally and that control migration levels. However, we are confident Government also wishes to ensure that UK creative companies can work with the best talent, and that UK artists should not face unreasonable bureaucracy in touring or promoting their music in the EU. We will continue to engage with Government to try to ensure that formalities for short term touring or promotion are kept to a minimum."
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