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Firsts

At The Battle Of Bunker Hill, a large force of British soldiers fight a smaller contingent of Americans on the Charlestown Peninsula on the North side of Boston Harbour, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Although the British win the day, their losses are far greater than the Americans'. The battle is at the time considered to be an American defeat but has since been lifted to the ranks of a heroic stands against forces of oppression. The battle will first inspire a stirring choral shape song, Bunker Hill, and not to be confused with the patriotic popular tune Bunker Hill, recorded by popular vocalist Billy Murray in 1905. There is also the 1861 song The Sword Of Bunker Hill, written by William Ross Wallace, and recorded by The Edison Male Quartet in 1908. (1775)

Christopher Latham Sholes of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, receives a patent for an invention he calls the "Type-Writer." It will be developed into the first practical typewriter with the QWERTY keyboard still in use today. Although songs with lyrics about typewriters are few and far between, the device has inspired many musical compositions, the best-known being The Typewriter (1950) for orchestra and typewriter, by composer Leroy Anderson. There's also Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (2000) by Kid Koala feat Money Mark, and let's not forget the glorious Boston Typewriter Orchestra.
Gospel singer and music publisher Sallie Martin is born in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Along with the Reverend Thomas Dorsey, she will establish the first gospel music publishing company, and will build up the gospel touring circuit, thus establishing a sound basis in which the music could grow and develop.
Musical Comedy The Prince Of Pilsen has its first-ever performance at The Tremont Theatre, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Ernest Hogan, the first African-American entertainer to have produced and starred in a Broadway show (The Oyster Man in 1907), dies of tuberculosis in Lakewood, New Jersey, USA. Hogan had also helped to popularize the musical genre of ragtime. Perhaps his most famous composition was the controversial ragtime hit All Coons Look Alike To Me.
WDAD becomes the first radio station in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, and will broadcast some country music before WSM, the future home of the Grand Ole Opry radio show, signs on almost a month later.
Singing trio The Gumm Sisters play the first of seven nights at the Fox West Coast Theatre, Long Beach, California, USA. One of the sisters, Frances Gumm, will find stardom after a name change to Judy Garland.
Underneath The Arches, in a version by Primo Scala with The Keynotes, enters the Billboard charts in the USA where it will peak No6 during a 16-week run on the chart. The song was written by Bud Flanagan in 1927 and first became a hit in 1932 in a version by Flanagan And Allen.
Dinah Shore is the musical guest on the first edition of Bob Hope's Star Spangled Revue tv show in the USA.
Village Barn, the first country music program on American network television, transmits its final edition live from The Village Barn, a country music nightclub in Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
Time magazine reports that RCA Victor has recently put on sale its first reels of music on tape. The 17 tapes, which play as long as a 12-in. LP, range from Brahms to Gershwin and sell for $11 to $15, compared to $4 to $6 for discs. It appears that tape, until now the preserve of hobbyists and high-fidelity fans, is becoming a competitive music carrier format.
The Cadillacs, Bo Diddley, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, The Debutants, The Dells, The Chips, The Schoolboys, Robert And Johnny and The Heartbeats play the first of seven nights as part of Dr Jive's Rhythm'n'Blues Revue at The Apollo Theater, Harlem, New York City, USA.
Paul McCartney makes his debut with his friend John Lennon's group The Quarrymen at The Conservative Club, New Clubmoor Hall, Liverpool, UK. John and Paul will later form The Beatles.
Jamboree, the first movie to star Jerry Lee Lewis, is previewed in Hollywood. Also featured in the movie are Fats Domino, Carl Perkins, Frankie Avalon and Connie Francis.
Brenda Lee has the first of two recording sessions for the album Grandma, What Great Songs You Sang!, with producer Owen Bradley in Bradley Film and Recording Studio in Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
The Coasters, Milt Buckner, Tiny Topsy and The Jesse Powell Combo play the first night of one week at the Howard Theatre, Washington, D.C., USA.
Eddie Cochran, Gene Vincent, Billy Fury, Joe Brown and Georgie Fame, play the first of six nights at The Empire, Leeds, UK.
Buddy Guy has his first recording session for Chess Records in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Ginger Baker, later to find fame as the drummer with rock supergroup Cream, takes heroin for the first time. He will becomea registered addict in 1961.
Connie Francis plays the first of three nights at The Town Casino, Buffalo, New York State, USA.
Roy Hamilton, Etta James, The Vibrations, Arthur Prysock, The Chimes, The Shells and James Booker play the first of seven nights at the Regal Theater, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
The First National Jazz Festival concludes at Richmond Athletic Grounds, Richmond, Surrey, UK. Acts appearing over the course of the two day event have included Johnny Dankworth, Chris Barber, The Mike Cotton Jazzmen, Tubby Hayes, Ken Colyer, The Back of Town Syncopaters, Gerry Brown's Jazzmen, The Clyde Valley Stompers, Alan Elsdon, Tubby Hayes Quintet, Jazz News All Stars, Terry Lightfoot, Merseysippi Jazz Band, Original Downtown Syncopaters, Freddy Randall Band, Don Rendell Quintet, Ronnie Rose Quintet, Alvin Roy's Saratoga Jazz Band, Kem Sims Vintage Jazz Band, Bob Wallis And His Storyville Jazz and Alex Welsh And His Band
John Lee Hooker plays the first of three nights at Hines Farm Blues Club, Swanton, Ohio, USA.
Bob Dylan spends the first of three days recording his debut album, Bob Dylan, at Studio A, Columbia Records, Seventh St, New York City, USA. Total cost runs to $400. On this day, he records several takes of House Of The Rising Sun.
James Marshall Hendrix [later to find fame as Jimi Hendrix] is promoted to Private First Class in the US Army.
Bob Dylan records Blowin' In The Wind for Columbia Records in New York City, USA. The song will provide Dylan with his first chart hit in the USA via Peter, Paul And Mary's cover version.
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When Jerry Lee Lewis make his first appearance at The Olympia in Paris, France, Europe, the audience includes French pop idols Johnny Hallyday and Sylvie Vartan.
Manfred Mann release their debut single, the instrumental Why Should We Not, on HMV Records in the UK.
Cliff Richard and The Shadows star in a pre-recorded hour-long ATV tv special, Sounds And Sweet Airs, with guest Frank Ifield. John Rostill, who had replaced Shadows' bassist Licorice Locking, makes his public debut with Cliff and The Shadows on this show. The show is transmitted today but Cliff Richard, meanwhile, is in the Canary Islands on holiday.
On its first night, BBC 2 television in the UK broadcasts Duke Ellington In Concert, a show by Duke Ellington, recorded at the BBC Television Theatre earlier in the year.
Liverpool-based singer Greta Ann releases her debut single Sadness Hides The Sun on Pye Records in the UK.
The Grateful Dead play the first of two nights at The Avalon Ballroom, San Francisco, California, with support act The Sopwith Camel. Joe Smith, president of Warner Brothers Records, sees The Dead and later signs them to the company.
Henry Mancini and The Righteous Brothersplay the first of six nights at The Opera House, Chicago, Illinois, USA, during the Summer Of Stars concert season.
The Temptations record Cloud Nine, at Hitsville USA Studios, Detroit, Michigan, USA. This song is regarded as Motown's first venture into psychedelic sounds.
UK rock weekly newspaper the NME [New Musical Express] announces that Kiki Dee has become the first British female to be signed by Motown Records in the USA.
When Bob Dylan attends the 61st birthday party of Mike Porco, owner of Gerde's Folk City, in Greenwich Village, New York City, USA, he perfoms a duet with Joan Baez. This is also the first occasion on which Dylan meets Bruce Springsteen.
The Clash release a new single, Train In Vain, in the USA. It will give them their first Top 30 entry, peaking at No23.
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Albert King ‎spends the first of nine days recording his LP San Francisco '83 for Fantasy Records, in San Francisco, California, USA. The album will, eventually, be reissued with extra tracks under the title Crosscut Saw - Albert King In San Francisco.
The second of four days of the first Milano Blues Festival, in Arco della Pace, Milan, Italy, Europe, features The Legends Of Chicago Blues, Guido Toffoletti And Blues Society.
The first half of the tv mini-series, The Jacksons: An American Dream is broadcast on ABC-tv in the USA.The mini-series is based on the history of the Jackson family, which includes The Jackson 5, The Jacksons, Michael Jackson, Janet Jackson and LaToya Jackson.
The first U2charist, aka U2 Eucharist, is held at an Episcopalian church in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. Organised by "teacher, writer, and speaker" Sarah Dylan Breuer, a U2charist is a communion service accompanied by U2 songs instead of traditional hymns.
The Judds make their debut on The Grand Ole Opry, in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, performing Flies On The Butter (You Can't Go Home Again) and Grandpa (Tell Me 'Bout The Good Old Days).
Ke$ha releases her debut album, Animal, in the UK on Sony Music.
One Direction release their debut single, What Makes You Beautiful, in the UK on Syco Records.
Emeli Sande releases her debut album Our Version Of Events in Germany, Europe.
The first edition of Rising Star, a new 'reality' singing competition, airs on ABC-tv in the USA with judges Brad Paisley, Kesha, Ludacris and host Josh Groban.
On her 1989 World Tour, Taylor Swift plays the first of two nights at The MetLife Stadium, East Rutherford, New Jersey, USA, supported by Vance Joy, Shawn Mendes and HAIM.
1775
2015