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Calypso

Railroad worker John Henry dies after suffering a heart attack while trying to race a mechanised steam drill on a site along the Georgia Central Line near the Oak and Coosa Mountains, Alabama, USA. The result of the race is that John Henry drilled 27 1/2 feet while the steam drill managed just 21. John Henry's achievement is immortalised in the song that bears his name, which has been recorded in many versions by artists including Harry Belafonte, Furry Lewis, Big Bill Broonzy, Uncle Dave Macon, Leon Bibb, Lead Belly, Johnny Cash, Woody Guthrie, Paul Robeson, Pete Seeger, Bruce Springsteen and Ramblin' Jack Elliott.
Frederick Wilmoth Hendricks is born in Port Of Spain, Trinidad And Tobago, Caribbean. He will find international fame as calypsonian Wilmoth Houdini.
Lancelot Victor Edward Pinard is born in Cumuto, Trinidad and Tobago, Caribbean. He will find success as calypso singer Sir Lancelot.
David Rose is born in London, England, UK. He will find success as a songwriter, composer, arranger, pianist, and orchestra leader, his most famous compositions being The Stripper, Holiday For Strings and Calypso Melody. Using the pseudonym Ray Llewellyn, he will also write music for numerous television series, including It's A Great Life, The Tony Martin Show, Little House on the Prairie, Highway To Heaven, Bonanza, and Highway Patrol.
Musical comedy The Girl From Utah closes at The Knickerbocker Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA, after a run of 140 performances. This production features several songs by Jerome Kern, including They Didn't Believe Me, which will become a popular standard, recorded by artists including Frank Sinatra, George Sanders, Dinah Washington, Jeanette MacDonald, Charlie Parker, Elvis Costello, Stan Kenton, Bill Frisell, Harry Belafonte, Leontyne Price and Marian McPartland.
Rupert Westmore Grant, better known as calypso star Lord Invader, is born in San Fernando, Trinidad.
Musical comedy The Girl From Utah is playing at The Knickerbocker Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 24 performances. Already having proved a success in London, England, UK, several new songs by Jereome Kern have been added, including They Didn't Believe Me, which will become a popular standard, recorded by artists including Frank Sinatra, George Sanders, Dinah Washington, Jeanette MacDonald, Charlie Parker, Elvis Costello, Stan Kenton, Bill Frisell, Harry Belafonte, Leontyne Price and Marian McPartland.
Fitzgerald Cornelius Henry is born in Arouca, Trinidad. He will find fame as calypso singer and songwriter The Mighty Terror.
Blind Blake records Too Tight Blues No2, Hastings Street and Georgia Bound in Richmond, Indiana, USA, for Paramount Records.
The dirigible airship, Graf Zeppelin, on its way from South America to Germany, Europe, via the Chicago World’s fair, flies over Trinidad. Large crowds turn out to see the spectacle of this gigantic flying machine, and the incident inspires calypsonian Attila The Hun to write and record his 1934 song Graf Zeppelin.
Slinger Francisco is born in Grenada, Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean. He will find fame as calypso singer The Mighty Sparrow.
Clarence Profit's Trio and The Calypso Recorders are playing at The Village Vanguard, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
Lord Invader, The Duke Of Iron, Macbeth and Gerald Clark And His Band play in a concert entitled Calypso At Midnight, in The Town Hall, New York City, USA.
Calypso stars Wilmoth Houdini, Duke Of Iron, Lord Invader, Sir Launcelot, Lord Kitchener, Lady Trinidad, Queen Calypso Hindu Pass Fire King and Human Thunderbolt play in the AFRO-West Indian Shango Carnival And Dance at The Golden Gate Ballroom, San Francisco, California, USA.
Calypsonian Lord Beginner with Cyril Blake's Calypso Serenaders records The Dollar And The Pound and I Will Die A Bachelor, for Parlophone Records in Abbey Road Studios, London, UK.
A General Election is held in the UK, and the Labour Party wins with a majority of just five seats, despite polling over one and a half million votes more than the Conservative Party. The election will inspire Calypsonian Lord Beginner to write and record his song General Election, based on events he saw at Piccadilly Circus in London while waiting for the election result to be announced.
Jazz trumpeter Cyril Blake's Calypso Band record Man Smart And Woman Smarter, for Parlophone Records in London, UK.
The Guardian newspaper reports that, "Hell
Lord Beginner And The Calypso Rhythm Kings record Trinidad Blues, Joe Louis Calypso, Straight Hair Girl and Boul've'se' for Melodisc Records in London, UK.
The Trinidad All Steel Percussion Orchestra (TASPO) sails on the SS San Mateo from Trinidad, Caribbean, headed for England. Later in the month, they will perform at The South Bank Exhibition, London, UK. This is considered to have been the first exposure of white Britons to steel band music in a live context. By the end of the year, steel band music will have become hugely popular in the UK.
Guitarist and songwriter Steven Springer is born in Port Of Spain, Trinidad, Caribbean. He will find success as a member of the Trinidad Tripoli Steel Band, but will also play with Sir Lancelot Pinard and the band Sanctuary, as will found the musical project Tropicooljazz.
Dossie Terry with The Howard Biggs Orchestra records Lost My Head and When I Hit The Number, for RCA Victor Records in New York City, USA.
Harry Belafonte opens for two weeks at The Alhambra, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
The stage show John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, with songs by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross, plays at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 229 performances.
During a run of 229 performances, the stage revue John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, is presented at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA.
Joe Alexander And The Cubans record a calypso-styled single, Oh Maria, at Premier Studio, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, for the Ballad label. The guitarist on the session, listed in the studio log as Chuck Berryn, will find massive international success as Chuck Berry.
Harry Belafonte records The Banana Boat Song for RCA Records in Webster Hall, New York City, USA. Although widely regarded as the song that launched the calypso craze, it is in fact in the Jamaican mento style.
Calypso by Harry Belafonte reaches No1 in the Billboard Popular Albums Chart in the USA.
Izzy Young opens The Folklore Center in Greenwich Village, New York City, USA. His first customers are said to have been Harry Belafonte and Burl Ives.
The LP Belafonte Sings Of The Caribbean by Harry Belafonte enters the Billboard Top 40 Albums Chart in the USA where it will peak at No3 during a sixteen-week stay on the chart.
In Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA, Harry Belafonte has the third of four recording sessions during which he records tracks for his blues-influenced album Belafonte Sings The Blues.
In Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA, Harry Belafonte has the last of four recording sessions during which he records tracks for his blues-influenced album Belafonte Sings The Blues.
The movie musical Bop Girl (aka Bop Girl Goes Calypso) is released to cinemas in Finland, Europe. The movie stars Judy Tytler, but also features appearances by Bobby Troup, The Mary Kaye Trio, The Goofers, Lord Flea and Nino Tempo.
A tv special, Tonight With Belafonte, starring Harry Belafonte, is broadcast by BBC-tv in the UK.
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Inaugural Gala is held at the National Guard Armoury, Washington D.C., USA. The event is hosted, produced and directed by Frank Sinatra. Musical guest stars include Mahalia Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Jimmy Durante, Nat King Cole, and Ella Fitzgerald, with an orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein.
The Kingston Trio record Oh Sail Away for Capitol Records in Los Angeles, California, USA.
The Cashbox magazine mono LP chart published on this day in the USA is as follows :

1. PORTRAIT OF JOHNNY - JOHNNY MATHIS

2. Judy At Carnegie Hall - Judy Garland

3. Something For Everybody - Elvis Presley

4. Great Motion Picture Themes - Various Artists

5. Goin' Places - Kingston Trio

6. Sinatra Swings - Frank Sinatra

7. Yellow Bird - Lawrence Welk

8. Astronaut - Bill Dana

9. Come Swing With Me - Frank Sinatra

10. Jump Up Calypso - Harry Belafonte

11. Quarter To Three - Gary U.S. Bonds

12. Four Preps On Campus - Four Preps

13. Never On Sunday - Soundtrack

14. Camelot - Original Cast

15. TV Sing Along With Mitch - Mitch Miller

16. Paul Anka - Sings His Big 15 Volume II

17. Knockers Up - Rusty Warren

18. Stars For A Summer Night - Various Artists

19. Ebb Tide - Earl Grant

20. Your Request Sing Along With Mitch - Mitch Miller

Cy Grant performs a topical calypso on BBC current affairs tv show Tonight, in London, England, UK, Europe.
Rupert Westmore Grant, better known as calypso star Lord Invader, dies in hospital following a short illness, in Queens, New York, USA, aged 47.
The album Belafonte At C arnegie Hall by Harry Belafonte is awarded a Gold Disc in the USA by the R.I.A.A.
The annual National Association of Record Merchandisers convention begins at The Eden Roc Hotel, Miami, Florida, USA.
Jimmy Soul releases a new single, If You Wanna Be Happy, on SPQR Records in the USA. The song is based on the calypso, Ugly Woman by Roaring Lion.
Calypso songwriter and performer Lord Burgess comes to the end of a week of shows at The Cafe Au Go Go, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
Harry Belafonte plays the third of five nights at The Opera House, Chicago, Illinois, USA, with Nana Mouskouri.
Harry Belafonte plays at The University Of Michigan men's glee club, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
The Verve record Bittersweet Symphony. Their use of a sample from a track by Rolling Stones’ manager Andrew Loog Oldham will involve them in a costly legal battle with rock entrepreneur Allen Klein.
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Calypso star Lord Pretender, (born Aldric Farrell) dies in Port Of Spain, Trinidad.
Calypso singer and songwriter The Mighty Terror dies of cancer in Trinidad, Caribbean, aged 86.
Calypso and jazz singer Young Tiger dies in London, UK, aged 86.
Harry Belafonte, Pete Seeger, Common, Jackson Browne and others take part in a rally-concert at The Beacon Theatre, New York City, USA, in hopes of securing the release of jailed 68-year-old American Indian activist Leonard Peltier, who is considered a political prisoner by Amnesty International.
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2012