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Calypso

Pharmacist Dr. John Pemberton of Atlanta, Georgia, USA, begins selling a carbonated drink of his own devising as a patent medicine. He will go on to found The Pemberton Medicine Company, which will find global success after a name change to The Coca-Cola Company. This universally-available fizzy drink will inspire several songs including Rum And Coca Cola by The Andrews Sisters and and the somewhat more salacious Coca Cola Douche by The Fugs. It's also worth noting that the hit single I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing by The New Seekers, was based on a 1971 Coca Cola advertising jingle - I'd Like To Buy The World A Coke.
Railroad worker John Henry dies after suffering a heart attack while trying to race a mechanised steam drill on a site along the Georgia Central Line near the Oak and Coosa Mountains, Alabama, USA. The result of the race is that John Henry drilled 27 1/2 feet while the steam drill managed just 21. John Henry's achievement is immortalised in the song that bears his name, which has been recorded in many versions by artists including Harry Belafonte, Furry Lewis, Big Bill Broonzy, Uncle Dave Macon, Leon Bibb, Lead Belly, Johnny Cash, Woody Guthrie, Paul Robeson, Pete Seeger, Bruce Springsteen and Ramblin' Jack Elliott.
Aletha Mae Dickerson is born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. As a recording manager for Paramount Records, she will supervise sessions by Ma Rainey, Ida Cox, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Will Ezell, The Pace Jubilee Singers, Blind Blake, Meade Lux Lewis and others. She is regarded as being an influential individual in the early development of "race music".
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George Browne is born in Port Of Spain, Trinidad. He will find fame as a calypso and jazz singer under the name Young Tiger.
Fitzgerald Cornelius Henry is born in Arouca, Trinidad. He will find fame as calypso singer and songwriter The Mighty Terror.
Blind Blake records Blue Getaway, Diddie Wa Diddie, Chump Man Blues, Ice Man Blues, Pop It Stomp, Fan Foot Woman and Police Dog Blues in the Gennett Records studio in Richmond, Indiana, USA.
Blind Blake records Too Tight Blues No2, Hastings Street and Georgia Bound in Richmond, Indiana, USA, for Paramount Records.
The dirigible airship, Graf Zeppelin, on its way from South America to Germany, Europe, via the Chicago World’s fair, flies over Trinidad. Large crowds turn out to see the spectacle of this gigantic flying machine, and the incident inspires calypsonian Attila The Hun to write and record his 1934 song Graf Zeppelin.
Clarence Profit's Trio and The Calypso Recorders are playing at The Village Vanguard, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
A USO [United Service Organizations] "camp show" arrives in Trinidad to entertain American troops. The show features up-and-coming radio comedian Morey Amsterdam. While in Trinidad, he will hear the song Rum And Coca Cola by Lord Invader. He will take the song back to the USA and copyright it in his own name. Rum And Coca Cola will be a huge hit for The Andrews Sisters but Lord Invader will have to go to court to win his royalties.
Singer Jeri Sullavan performs the song Rum And Coca Cola for an American audience for the first time, during an engagement at the Versailles Restaurant, Manhattan, New York City, USA. The song, written by calypso star Lord Invader has been given to her by comedian Morey Amsterdam who heard it while working in Trinidad. Rum And Coca Cola will later become a huge hit for The Andrews Sisters but Lord Invader will have to go to court to win his royalties.
Comedian Morey Amsterdam applies to the U.S. Copyright Office for copyright on the song Rum And Coca Cola, listing himself as the sole author of the words and music. The song was, in fact, written by calypso star Lord Invader. Amsterdam heard it while working in Trinidad some time earlier. The song will become a huge hit for The Andrews Sisters but Lord Invader will have to go to court to win his royalties.
The Andrews Sisters record Rum And Coca Cola for Decca Records in the USA. The song will become a huge hit but its composer, calypso star Lord Invader, will have to go to court to win his royalties.
Rum And Coca Cola by The Andrews Sisters reaches No1 in the Billboard pop singles chart in the USA, a position it will hold for ten weeks. The song is a version of a calypso written by Lord Invader who will, in due course, have to go to court to win his royalties.
The case of 'Khan vs. Feist' - a copyright dispute about the ownership of the massive hit song Rum And Coca Cola, begins in the District Court, New York City, USA. The song had been written by calypso star Lord Invader, but was copyrighted by comedian Morey Amsterdam who had heard it while working in Trinidad.
Legendary calypsonian Lord Kitchener with Cyril Blake's Calypso Serenaders record The Underground Train and Nora, for Parlophone Records in Abbey Road Studios, London, England, UK, Europe.
All parties in two copyright cases about ownership of the massively successful Lord Invader song Rum And Coca Cola sign legal papers indicating that a settlement has been reached. The song had been falsely copyrighted by comedian Morey Amsterdam who heard it while working in Trinidad some years earlier. The precise amount awarded to Lord Invader has never been revealed but figures published at the time suggested $150,000.
The romantic comedy musical film The Petty Girl, starring Robert Cummings and Joan Caulfield, opens at cinemas in New York, USA. All of the songs in the film, including Fancy Free, Calypso Song, I Loves Ya and The Petty Girl, are written by Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer.
The Guardian newspaper reports that, "Hell
Guitarist and songwriter Steven Springer is born in Port Of Spain, Trinidad, Caribbean. He will find success as a member of the Trinidad Tripoli Steel Band, but will also play with Sir Lancelot Pinard and the band Sanctuary, as will found the musical project Tropicooljazz.
Blind Blake And His Royal Victoria Hotel Calypsos release a new 2-EP 45rpm set, A Second Album Of Bahamian Songs, on Art Records in the USA.
David Michael Rudder, one of the greatest calypso performers of all time, is born in Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago.
The stage show John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, with songs by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross, opens at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA, where it will run for 229 performances.
The stage revue John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, opens at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA, where it will run for 229 performances.
Harry Belafonte records Kalenda Rock [Mourning Song] in RCA Victor's Manhattan Center, New York City, USA. Pianist on the session is Ray Charles.
At the end of a run of 229 performances, the stage revue John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, closes at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA.
Joe Alexander And The Cubans record a calypso-styled single, Oh Maria, at Premier Studio, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, for the Ballad label. The guitarist on the session, listed in the studio log as Chuck Berryn, will find massive international success as Chuck Berry.
The musical film Carmen Jones, a contemporary version of the opera Carmen by Georges Bizet, starring Harry Belafonte, Pearl Bailey and Dorothy Dandridge opens in the USA.
Harry Belafonte records Matilda, Matilda! for RCA Victor Records at Radio Recorders, Santa Monica Boulevard, Hollywood, California, USA.
Mary's Boy Child by Harry Belafonte reaches No1 in the Sheet Music Sales Chart in the UK.
The Top 5 singles in the UK, according to today's edition of the New Musical Express [NME] newspaper are as follows : 1. Mary's Boy Child by Harry Belafonte [RCA] 2. Wake Up Little Suzie by The Everly Brothers [London] 3. My Special Angel by Malcolm Vaughan [HMV] 4. Ma, He's Making Eyes at Me by The Johnny Otis Show/Marle Adams [Capitol] 5. Great Balls of Fire by Jerry Lee Lewis [London]
In New York City, USA, Harry Belafonte has the first of four recording sessions during which he records tracks for his blues-influenced album Belafonte Sings The Blues.
Lord Myrie [guitar and vocals], Cecil Mitchell [banjo] and James Convery [marimba box], record the album Calypso Jamaica in Kingston, Jamaica, for Cook-Microfusion Records.
A court hearing in New York City, USA, about the suspension of satirical Greenwich Village calypso singer Lord Buckley's Cabaret Card is attended by over thirty witnesses and journalists. The hearing is adjourned and rescheduled for two weeks later.
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Inaugural Gala is held at the National Guard Armoury, Washington D.C., USA. The event is hosted, produced and directed by Frank Sinatra. Musical guest stars include Mahalia Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Jimmy Durante, Nat King Cole, and Ella Fitzgerald, with an orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein.
The Noel Walker Stompers, The Buddy Halpman Jazzmen, Dave Lind's Jazzmen, The Panama Jazz Band, Bill Bailey's Calypso Band and The Druids Jazzband play in the All-Night Jazz Ball at Liverpool Jazz Society in The Iron Door Club, Liverpool, UK.
The Cashbox magazine mono LP chart published on this day in the USA is as follows :

1. PORTRAIT OF JOHNNY - JOHNNY MATHIS

2. Judy At Carnegie Hall - Judy Garland

3. Something For Everybody - Elvis Presley

4. Great Motion Picture Themes - Various Artists

5. Goin' Places - Kingston Trio

6. Sinatra Swings - Frank Sinatra

7. Yellow Bird - Lawrence Welk

8. Astronaut - Bill Dana

9. Come Swing With Me - Frank Sinatra

10. Jump Up Calypso - Harry Belafonte

11. Quarter To Three - Gary U.S. Bonds

12. Four Preps On Campus - Four Preps

13. Never On Sunday - Soundtrack

14. Camelot - Original Cast

15. TV Sing Along With Mitch - Mitch Miller

16. Paul Anka - Sings His Big 15 Volume II

17. Knockers Up - Rusty Warren

18. Stars For A Summer Night - Various Artists

19. Ebb Tide - Earl Grant

20. Your Request Sing Along With Mitch - Mitch Miller

Cy Grant performs a topical calypso on BBC current affairs tv show Tonight, in London, England, UK, Europe.
Harry Belafonte plays in Barton Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York State, USA.
Harry Belafonte is feted in a reception at Danny's Hideaway in New York City, USA, by being presented with a gold disc for his 2LP Carnegie Hall live album set.
Cy Grant performs a calypso based on a news story of the day as part of the topical magazine show Tonight on BBC-tv in London, England, UK, Europe.
Harry Belafonte is playing at The Riviera, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, supported by George Kirby.
Calypso songwriter and performer Lord Burgess plays during a week of shows at The Cafe Au Go Go, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
Harry Belafonte opens at The Greek Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA, for four weeks.
Songwriter, composer, arranger, pianist, and orchestra leader David Rose dies aged 80, of a heart attack in Burbank, California, USA. His most famous compositions were The Stripper, Holiday For Strings and Calypso Melody. Using the pseudonym Ray Llewellyn, he also wrote music for numerous television series, including It's A Great Life, The Tony Martin Show, Little House on the Prairie, Highway To Heaven, Bonanza, and Highway Patrol.
Popular calypso singer and recording artist Sir Lancelot dies of natural causes, aged 98, in Anaheim, California, USA.
Calypso and jazz singer Young Tiger dies in London, UK, aged 86.
Calypso star The Mighty Duke dies of myelofibrosis in Saint Clair, Trinidad and Tobago, Caribbean.
Guitarist and songwriter Steven Springer, best-known as a member of the Trinidad Tripoli Steel Band, dies aged 60 of cancer, in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Springer also played with Sir Lancelot Pinard and the band Sanctuary, and he founded the musical project Tropicooljazz.
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The Mighty Sparrow plays at The B.B. King Blues Club, New York City, USA.
1886
2013