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Technology

German immigrant Emile Berliner applies for a patent in Washington, D.C. for his new sound-reproduction apparatus, the gramophone.
Guglielmo Marconi applies for a patent for his newest invention, the radio.
The Union Club Annual Concert is held in the Town Hall, Alston, Cumberland, UK. Entertainment includes violin solos, recitations, and the following songs :
The Dandy Coloured Coon, Down By The Sea and In The Pale Moonlight by Mr. D.R. Denard; Little Cotton Dolly and Ambolena Snow [an Afro-American military ballad] by Miss Dora Whaley; Tomorrow Will Be Friday and Father O'Flynn by Mr. Gibbs; All Souls' Day and Curly Headed Baby by Miss Logan; Bonnets Of Blue by Miss James. A report in the local newspaper, The Northern News, notes that, 'A new feature was the gramophone, which was manipulated by Mr. Cyril Millican of Newcastle.'
Thomas Edison is granted patent No. 648,935 in connection with his invention of an apparatus for duplicating phonograph records.
The Morning Oregonian newspaper reports that Fred Fritz's Concert Hall in Portland, Oregon, USA, has acquired "a magnificent orchestrion", imported direct from Germany, Europe, which plays "all of the latest classical and popular music". The paper urges its readers to go and see this mechanical instrument, which is "run by electricity and contains 164 pipes with a blending of sixteen instruments. It is said to be only one of six such instruments in the USA.
In Washington DC, USA, radio pioneer Nathan Stubblefield demonstrates wireless telephony, transmitting voice and music over a third of a mile from the steamer Bartholdi to shore.
C.L. Emmons of Oranford, New Jersey, USA, is granted Patent No. US698480A for his invention of a new mechanical musical instrument in which a number of mechanical sounds are reduced in volume.
Gustav Otto and Ferdinand Schaub of Jersey City, Jersey, USA, are granted Patent No US700550A for their invention of a new and improved type of mechanical music box.
James H. Tann of Lansing, Michigan, USA, applies for a patent in respect of "a stringed instrument having a trumpet-shaped tube communicating with the body of the instrument, by which a purer, sweeter, and more powerful tone is obtained than that possessed by instruments of this character constructed in the usual manner."
It is reported (in The Eagle County Blade, Colorado, USA, and other publications) that a patient in hospital in Paris, France, Europe, has had serious wounds healed by exposure to music played on a violin. The wounds were being treated surgically, but did not heal until the violin remedy was employed.
W.W. Saunders of Washington DC, USA, is granted Patent No. US726354A for his invention of an automatic playing attachment for pianos or other musical instruments of similar character.
Peter Welin of Worcester, Massachusetts, USA, is granted Patent No. US748126A in respect of his invention of an automatic playing attachment for musical instruments.
New York newspaper The Evening World carries an advertisement from Bloomingdales, offering the "New style, Metal Tubing Player Piano for $350".
Australian engineer Ray Allsop demonstrates his new invention, the Raycophone sound projector, and exhibits four short sound-on-disc musical films he has produced. By mid-1937, 345 Raycophone systems will have been installed in Australian cinemas.
Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann takes LSD intentionally for the first time. Three days earlier, he had accidentally ingested a small amount and experienced strange firghtening delusions and hallucinations. On this day, now known as Bicycle Day, he deliberately takes another dose before cycling home from his lab. The drug will become powerfully associated with the psychedelic music of the 1960s.
The Slim Gaillard Quartet records Atomic Cocktail for Atomic Inc Records in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA.
As the year begins, it is revealed that over 50,000 RCA Victor automatic 45rpm record changers are being sold every month in the USA. The changer costs $12.95 and 'plays thru any set'. This will be the decade in which rock'n'roll - sold mostly on 45rpm discs - becomes the most popular music on the planet.
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The first 33 1/3rpm album is introduced in Dusseldorf, Germany, Europe.
The Rock-Ola Juke Box Corporation, based in Chicago, Illinois, USA, introduces its 120-selection 45 rpm Fireball model - a dramatic step-forward in juke box technology.
A concert by the American Composers Alliance at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, USA, introduces Fantasy in Space (flute recordings manipulated on magnetic tape) by Otto Luening, and Sonic Contours (using tape manipulations) by Vladimir Ussachevsky. This is regarded as one of the earliest significant public demonstrations of the potential of electronic music.
Leo Fender is granted a patent for his Precision Bass, a pioneering instrument in the development of the electric bass guitar.
Edwin Armstrong, the inventor of FM radio, writes a note to his wife apologizing for what he is about to do, removes the air conditioner from his 13th story New York apartment, and jumps to his death. He was worn down after years of battling with RCA over his invention and, of course, did not live to see its success in the 1960s.
Composition For Synthesizer, the first piece of music specially composed for electronic music synthesiser, is presented by Milton Babbitt at Columbia University, New York City, USA.
Stanley Milgram, an assistant professor of psychology at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, begins a series of experiments to determine how main pain one person might inflict on another if ordered to do so. The alarming results of Experiment 18 - showing that 37 of 40 people would inflict a high degree of pain - will inspire the song We Do What We're Told (Milgram's 37) on the 1986 Peter Gabriel album So.
Elvis Presley arranges a private screening of the Peter Sellers film Doctor Strangelove, for himself and friends at The Memphian Theater, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.
The Jimi Hendrix Experience play at the State Fair Music Hall, Dallas, Texas, USA, supported by Soft Machine, The Chessmen and Moving Sidewalks. During the day Jimi trades $40 and his own wah-wah pedal to acquire the superior Vox wah-wah unit belonging to The Chessmen's guitarist Jimmie Vaughan, brother of Stevie Ray Vaughan.
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At the Tinker Street Cinema, Woodstock, New York State, USA, Jimi Hendrix first uses his Uni-Vibe guitar effects unit.
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The Edgar Broughton Band plays at Kingston College Of Technology, Kingston, England, UK, Europe, supported by Quintessence.
AIR Studios, founded by Sir George Martin (best-known as the producer for The Beatles) opens it first facility, consisting of four studios, on the fourth floor of 214 Oxford Street, London, England, UK, Europe.
Keith Relf, vocalist of The Yardbirds, aged 33, dies at his home in Hanworth Road, Whitton, Middlesex, England, UK, Europe, after being electrocuted in a mishap involving his guitar.
When Bing Crosby plays the last American concert of his career, the power fails but he continues the show, singing without amplification.
Tubeway Army (Gary Numan) release a new single, Are 'Friends' Electric, on Beggars Banquet Records in the UK.
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The 3-D sci-fi short film Captain EO, starring Michael Jackson and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, closes at Disneyland, Pasadena, California, USA, and at the Epcot Centre, Disneyworld, Orlando, Florida.
The Verve record Bittersweet Symphony. Their use of a sample from a track by Rolling Stones’ manager Andrew Loog Oldham will involve them in a costly legal battle with rock entrepreneur Allen Klein.
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The Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI), a system designed to enable online, convenient, legal access to digital music by creating new digital distribution systems, invites hackers and cryptanalaysts to break its proposed digital watermarking scheme for protecting digital music. Hackers will break the system quickly and completely, and SDMI will effectively be abandoned in 2001.
Two hundred and twenty seven tracks by Smashing Pumpkins are finally made available for download through online music stores.
The US Supreme Court in Washington DC rules that file-sharing websites can be held responsible and sued if it can be shown that they are deliberately providing facilities with the intention that their customers should swap music and video recordings illegally.
It is announced that Depeche Mode fans will be able to buy advance tickets for the band's tour of the USA next month when they download the band's forthcoming album from iTunes.
Fritz Sennheiser, inventor of the hugely popular Sennheiser headphones worn by millions of music lovers, dies aged 98 at his home in Wedemark, Germany, Europe.
As a promotional stunt for his new LP, Good Ass Job, Kanye West visits the Facebook HQ in Palo Alto, California, USA, where climbs onto a table and raps to the assembled employees.
It is reported that the British website for Lady Gaga has been hacked by the US SwagSec hacking group. Although no passwords or credit card data was stolen, SwagSec successfully copied part of a database including names and email address records of Gaga fans. SwagSec has previously hacked the official websites of Justin Bieber and Amy Winehouse.
Nicki Minaj, with 8,175,598 followers, overtakes Eminem, with 8,160,476, to become the most followed artist on Twitter.
After learning that his 11-year-old stepson, Kyle Glover, is critically ill in hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, following a Jet Ski accident, Usher cancels a live appearance at tonight's ESPY Sports Awards in the Nokia Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Howard H. Scott, a member of the Columbia Records team that introduced the long-playing vinyl record in 1948, dies aged 92 of cancer in Reading, Pennsylvania, USA.
The Kickstarter campaign to fund Neil Young's PonoMusic player closes, having raised over $6m. It had reached its $800,000 target less than ten hours after going live, and now becomes officially the third highest-funded campaign in Kickstarter history.
Chrissy Teigen, model and wife of singer John Legend, quits Twitter after receiving death threats among criticisms of her recently Tweeted comments on gun control in the USA.
Muse release their seventh album Drones on Warner Bros. Records in Australia, New Zealand, Austria, Finland, Gremany, Ireland, The Netherlands and Switzerland.
Muse release their seventh album Drones on Warner Bros. Records in Japan, Norway and Sweden.
It is announced that Iron Maiden will launch a new RPG, Legacy Of The Beast, for iOS and Android mobiles.
Kim Kashardian, celebrity wife of Kanye West, racks up a reported record-breaking 84m viewers to her Twitter page in 24 hours after posting a picture of her family on her timeline.
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