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Racism

Having run for more than nine years, the minstrel show Bryant's Minstrels, stages its last performance at the Mechanics Hall, 472 Broadway, New York City, USA.
Banjoist and comedian Al Reeves' Famous Big Company plays the first of three nights at The Gaeity Theatre, Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA. The entertainment, a blackface minstrel show, is billed as featuring "20 White and 20 Black, headed by the celebrated Inez Mecusker".
Banjoist and comedian Al Reeves' Famous Big Company plays the second of three nights at The Gaeity Theatre, Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA. The entertainment, a blackface minstrel show, is billed as featuring "20 White and 20 Black, headed by the celebrated Inez Mecusker".
A Juneteenth celebration is held in East Woods Park, Austin, Texas, USA. Juneteenth is a cultural holiday for African Americans, celebrating the emancipation of the last remaining slaves in the USA. The event includes festive celebrations filled with music, poetry, parades, rodeos, street fairs and other activities.
A programme of "refined vaudeville", featuring The Jennie Eddie Trio (Novelty singing and comedy), Boyce And Wilson (Black-face fun-furnishers who dance) and Zoe Matthews (The popular Casino girl) is presented at The Ocean View Theatre, Norfolk, Virginia, USA.
Clarice Vance, billed as "The Best Singer Of Coon Songs", plays at The Palace Theatre, New York City, USA.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a play with music, is presented at The Academy Of Music, Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 88 performances.
The Hungarian Gypsy Band, The Chapelle Sisters (Songs and Acrobatic Dances) and McIntyre And Heath in 'Georgia Minstrels - The Personification Of Whole-souled Irresistible Fun" are among the entertainments on offer all week at Chase's Polite Vaudeville Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
Gideon's Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
Al. G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
Al. G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
Al G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The Metropolitan Theatre, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Blackface minstrel entertainer Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA. Also on the bill is Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
The Arena in Chesapeake Junction, Washington DC, USA, is open for dancing every evening with attractions including "Shady Park And Grounds Excellent Cafe and Good Music". The venue is, however, described as a "Colored Pleasure Resort" and is "Exclusive for colored people".
Ward And Wade's Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
Local troupe The Elk Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
William H. West's Jubilee Minstrels play at Whitley Opera House, Emporia, Kansas, USA.
The Filson Club, a Southern historical society in Louisville, Kentucky, USA, announces that it has received word from a man in Texas who claimed to have a copy of Will Hays' sheet music, published through D. P. Faulds, thus proving that Hays wrote the popular song Dixie, which was usually attributed to minstrel show songwriter Dan Emmett. The sheet music, however, never materialises and debate over authorship of the song continues for many years.
Cohan And Harris' Minstrels play at The New York Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
A poem is published in The Tacoma Times, Washington State, USA, stating, "When you're in Walla Walla, friends, / You must not 'bunny hug' /Or 'turkey trot,' or likeas not, / They'll slam you in the jug; / And, girls, don't romp with 'Texas Tom'; / To do so's taking chances, / For the cops have put the kibosh on / Those naughty, naughty dances." The poem is a reference to legal action being taken over the popularity of 'animal' dances such as The Bunny Hug and Turkey Trot, usually performed to ragtime or jazz music.
The Peerless Quartet record In Blinky Winky Chinky Chinatown and Bounce Me John, I've Rubber Heels On, for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey, USA.
Medgar Evers is born in Decatur, Mississippi, USA. Evers will become a committed anti-segregation campaigner and, in 1963 in Jackson, Mississippi, he will be shot in the back and killed by a white racist gunman. Evers' death will be the spark for the Bob Dylan song Only A Pawn In Their Game.
Ernest Krenek's opera Johnny Strikes Up The Band [Jonny Spielt Auf] opens in Vienna, Austria, Europe. It will outrage the Nazi right wing in Austria and Germany because the central character, Johnny, is an American negro jazz fiddler who emerges as the winner in a combat between traditional and modern music.
A feature entitled 'Swing and Nigger Music Must Disappear' by 'Buschmann' appears in a newspaper in Stettin, Germany, Europe.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
An article about Paul Robeson in the New York Age describes him as "A Great Fighter for His People."
Paul Robeson stands on the back of a flat bed truck and sings songs of defiance and solidarity to 40,000 people on the US-Canadian border because the U.S. government (having confiscated his passport) has refused him permission to cross the border into Canada where he has been invited to perform in Vancouver, British Columbia.
It is reported that a recent survey of music-buying habits in Southern California, USA, has revealed that a substantial proportion of jazz, blues and r'n'b records are now being bought by "Spanish and mixed-nationality" buyers whereas they were prviously bought exclusively by Negro buyers. This change is attributed to the fact that several prominent radio deejays including Hunter Hancock (KFVD), Joe Aadams (KOWL) and Gene Norman (KLAC) are now playing this type of music to their audiences. Deejay and shop owner John Dolphin of KGFJ reports that about 40% of his retail business now comes from white buyers.
The Bill Bailey Minstrel Show, described as "a blackface opera", opens at Fort Myers, Florida, USA. The show has a company of fifty, including Brother Slim Williams, Danny Evans and Possum Gill.
Elvis Presley perform Til I Waltz Again With You by Teresa Brewer during his performance at the Annual Minstrel Show in Humes High School, Memphis, Tennessee, USA. This is believed to have been his first live performance in front of an audience.
Members of the Lumbee Native American tribe break up a rally of racist KKK (Ku Klux Klan) members at Maxton Field, North Carolina, USA. Later in the year, this clash of cultures will inspire the song The Battle Of Maxton Field by prolific songwriter Malvina Reynolds.
A UK Silver Disc is awarded to the single Goodness Gracious Me by Sophia Loren and Peter Sellers.
Cliff Richard And The Shadows play to an all-white audience at The Colosseum, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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The Black And White Minstrel Show by The George Mitchell Minstrels returns to the No1 position in the UK albums chart for the third time.
Bo Diddley plays the second of two nights at The Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA. The live album Bo Diddley's Beach Party is recorded during these shows, despite the shows being broken up by local police because black members of Bo's band are seen dancing with white teenagers.
The Hullabaloos, The Detergents, Shirley Ellis, Little Richard (whose backing group includes Jimi Hendrix], The Vibrators, The Exciters, The Hollies, The Uniques, Dee Dee Warwick, Roddy Joy, Sandie Shaw and King Curtis play at The Paramount Theater, Brooklyn, New York City, USA.
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Jack L. Gritz, editor of The Baptist Messenger newspaper in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA, writes in praise of Eartha Kitt, in an editorial about her recent critical comments on the Vietnam War during a visit to The White House. "She stated what she thinks on an important subject with conviction and feeling ... it took courage to do so."
George Jackson, Fleeta Drumgoole and John Clutchette, all African-American inmates of Soledad Prison in California, USA, are charged with the murder of white prison guard John V. Mills, in retaliation for the killing of three black prisoners three days earlier. George Jackson will later be shot dead by guards at San Quentin prison. Soledad Brother, a book based on Jackson's latters while in prison, will inspire Bob Dylan to write the song George Jackson. Other songs about Jackson will be recorded by Steel Pulse, The Blue Scholars, The Dicks and others.
While attempting to escape from San Quentin Prison in California, USA, militant Black Panther George Jackson is shot dead by prison guards. Jackson's life and death will inspire the song George Jackson by Bob Dylan.
Detroit police stop the performance at an N.W.A show because of the controversy surrounding their latest hit, 'Fuck Tha Police'. Before they can perform the song, the group is removed from the stage and escorted back to their hotel. No charges are filed, and officers tell the rappers that they just "wanted to show the kids that you can't say 'Fuck the police' in Detroit."
Savatage play at The Boathouse, Norfolk, Virginia, USA. After the show, having misunderstood singer Jon Olivia's comments and lyrics about the political situation in Iran, a security guard punches him in the face.
Paul Simon plays in Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa.
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The US Department of Homeland Security announces that Yusuf Islam (formerly Cat Stevens) has been placed on a government ‘no-fly’ list, and is not allowed to enter the USA.
Rosa Parks, who helped trigger the civil rights movement in the 1950s, settles a six year old lawsuit relating to the unauthorised use of her name in the title of a song by OutKast. The terms of the settlement include provision that OutKast, SONY BMG Music, Arista Records LLC and LaFace Records will help develop educational programs to "enlighten today's youth about the significant role Rosa Parks played in making America a better place for all races."
Bob Dylan sings his classic protest song The Times they Are A-Changin' at The White House, Washington, DC, USA, during a concert of music from the Civil Rights movement. Other performers appearing in the presence of President Obama, include Joan Baez, Smokey Robinson, Natalie Cole, Jennifer Hudson and The Blind Boys Of Alabama.
Billy Bragg and Joe Purdy play an impromptu gig at The Royale, St. Louis, Missouri, USA, in support of the people of Ferguson which has lately been riven by riots, following the death of a local youth shot dead by police.
John Legend and Common perform their song Glory, from the movie Selma, on Edmund Pettis Bridge in Selma, Alabama, USA. The performance is in celebration of the achievements of Dr. Martin Luther King in Selma in the 1960s.
Rebecca Ferguson confirms that she has turned down the invitation to sing at the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the USA, because she would not be permitted to sing the song of her choice, Strange Fruit, about the lynching of black men.
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2017