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Racism

Clarice Vance, billed as "The Best Singer Of Coon Songs", plays at The Palace Theatre, New York City, USA.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a play with music, is presented at The Academy Of Music, Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 88 performances.
The Hungarian Gypsy Band, The Chapelle Sisters (Songs and Acrobatic Dances) and McIntyre And Heath in 'Georgia Minstrels - The Personification Of Whole-souled Irresistible Fun" are among the entertainments on offer all week at Chase's Polite Vaudeville Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
The Hungarian Gypsy Band, The Chapelle Sisters (Songs and Acrobatic Dances) and McIntyre And Heath in 'Georgia Minstrels - The Personification Of Whole-souled Irresistible Fun" are among the entertainments on offer all week at Chase's Polite Vaudeville Theatre, Washington DC, USA.
The Trocadero Quartette present "Their black-face character creation - The Telephone Agent" during a week at Chase's Theatre, Washington DC, USA. Also on the bill are The Hungarian Gypsy Band, "comedy trick violinist" Chevriel and "The Dainty Singing And Dancing Comedienne" Kitty Fox Allen.
The Trocadero Quartette present "Their black-face character creation - The Telephone Agent" during a week at Chase's Theatre, Washington DC, USA. Also on the bill are The Hungarian Gypsy Band, "comedy trick violinist" Chevriel and "The Dainty Singing And Dancing Comedienne" Kitty Fox Allen.
The Gus Sun American Minstrels play at Truitt's Theater, Heraldsburg, California, USA.
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Wilson's Juvenile Minstrels open at Sutton's Family Theater, Butte, Montana, USA.
Minstrel-show star Billy Emerson, known as The Great Emerson, dies in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Al. G. Field's Greater Minstrels play at The California Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA.
Billed as "The Premier of Modern Minstrelsy", Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA. Also on the bill are popular contralto Miss Julia Heinrich and Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
Billed as "The Premier of Modern Minstrelsy", Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, San Francisco, California, USA. Also on the bill are popular contralto Miss Julia Heinrich and Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
Blackface minstrel entertainer Lew Sully is appearing at The Orpheum Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA. Also on the bill is Mlle. Chester with her "$10,000 Statue Dog".
Eleanor Falk And Her Ten Sunbeams are heading the bill at Forest Park Highalnds, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Also appearing are "coon shouter" Artie Hall, "musical mokes" Snyder And Buckley, and singer/dancer Ray Sullivan.
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Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Lew Dockstader's Minstrels are playing at The Victoria Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA.
Apache Indian chief Geronimo is photographed at the wheel of a luxury roadster during a press show at a ranch located southwest of Ponca City, Oklahoma, USA. In 1972, the image will inspire singer-songwriter Michael Martin Murphey to write Geronimo's Cadillac, because, "the two images together, Geronimo and a Cadillac, just struck me as a song title. It was every irony I could ever think of about our culture in two words. Their attempt to make of him what we would define as a civilized person. That was the reason they put him in a Cadillac in the first place. He was actually in jail at the time." (For the record, the vehicle in the photograph was a Locomobile, not a Cadillac). An entirely different song with the name Geronimo's Cadillac (1986) will be recorded by German rock duo Modern Talking.
Earl Fuller's Famous Jazz Band record Jazzin' Around, A Coon Band Contest, The Old Grey Mare and Beale Street Blues for Victor Records in New York City, USA.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
Les Hite And His Orchestra play at The Chatterbox, Mountainside, New Jersey, USA, during an extended engagement . Hite's band are the first black musicians to have played at this venue.
The Peekskill Riots erupt after a Paul Robeson concert in Peekskill, New York State, USA.
In an effort to have his passport returned to him, popular singer Paul Robeson visits The State Department in Washington DC, USA, and asks to see Secretary of State Dean Acheson. He is offered the return of his passport, but only if he will sign statement that he will not make any speeches while abroad. Robeson refuses, maintaining that his freedom of speech is not negotiable, that it is his inalienable right, as an American citizen, to travel freely and speak as he wishes.
The Soul Stirrers, featuring Sam Cooke, play at The Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, USA.
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Nat 'King' Cole is subjected to a violent racist attack during his concert at the Municipal Hall, Birmingham, Alabama, USA, by thugs from the White Citizens' Council.
A protest meeting takes place in Wellington Town Hall, Wellington, New Zealand, Oceania, against an upcoming international rugby test match between New Zealand's All Blacks and South Africa because South Africa has banned Maoris from playing in the New Zealand team. This racist action inspires New Zealand's all-Maori Howard Morrison Quartet to write and record the sardonic protest song, My Old Man's An All Black (based on the Lonnie Donegan hit My Old Man's A Dustman).
The Ku Klux Klan attempts to intimidate black deejay Shelley 'The Playboy' Stewart during his weekly record-hop in Bessemer, Alabama, USA, but Stewart's all-white audience attacks The Klan on his behalf.
When Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ben E. King, Sugar Pie DeSanto and others fail to show for a late-night gig at The Flamingo Club, Greenwich Street, Savannah, Georgia, USA, 1200 patrons go on a rampage which effectively destroys the venue. The same set of artists had, earlier in the evening, played a show at the local whites-only club, Bamboo Ranch, in the same town.
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Connie Francis and Mike Clifford appear on tv's Ed Sullivan Show in New York City, USA. During this edition of the show, there is also an appearance by The All-America football team, who are seen dancing with eleven girls. The team features one black player, Bobby Bell, and the show specifically hires a black girl, Myrna White, to dance with him. When Sullivan learns that hundreds of letters criticising the decision have been sent to Jet magazine, he defends the segment, saying, "What's wrong with having Myrna White dance with Bobby Bell? Bell is a fine young man, two-time All-American, and any girl would be proud to dance with him." (White is subsequently hired as a permanent member of the show's chorus line, making her the first permanent negro chorus girl on television.)
Bo Diddley plays the first of two nights at The Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA. The live album Bo Diddley's Beach Party is recorded during these shows, despite the shows being broken up by local police because black members of Bo's band are seen to be dancing with white teenagers.
When Bob Dylan attends a Civil Rights Voters' registration rally on Silas McGee's farm in Greenwood, Mississippi, USA, he performs a previously unheard song, Only A Pawn In Their Game. Pete Seeger and Theodore Bikel also perform at this event.
Three young civil rights workers - James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner - are murdered near Philadelphia, Nashoba County, Mississippi, USA. While investigating the burning of a black church, they had been arrested by the police, then released after dark into the hands of the Ku Klux Klan, who beat and murdered them. The story is told in the song He Was My Brother by Simon And Garfunkel.
The Beatles refuse to take the stage at The Gator Bowl, Jacksonville, Florida, USA, until they are assured they are playing to a non-segregated audience. Support acts on this show are The Righteous Brothers, The Exciters, Jackie De Shannon and the Bill Black Combo.
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The New Christy Minstrels are playing at The Fairmont, San Francisco, California, USA.
A group of seventeen young demonstrators are ejected from the National City Christian church, frequented by US President Lyndon Johnson in Washington DC, USA, after they protest about the treatment of singer Eartha Kitt, who had spoken out during a recent function at The White House against the war in Vietnam.
The Jimi Hendrix Experience do a rough mix for the song House Burning Down at Record Plant, New York City, USA. The song is said to have been inspired by the Watts Riots in Los Angeles.
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UK rock weekly newspaper the NME [New Musical Express] announces that Kiki Dee has become the first British female to be signed by Motown Records in the USA.
A group of men known as The Birmingham Six are each sentenced by jury to 21 life sentences for murder in the Crown Court sitting at Lancaster Castle, before Judge Nigel Bridge. The men were accused of planting bombs in two Birmingham pubs which resulted in 21 deaths and 182 injuries. The sentences will be overturned on appeal in 1991, but their plight will also inspire the song Streets of Sorrow/Birmingham Six [1988] by The Pogues.
Aswad top the bill at Brixton Academy, London, England, UK, Europe, in a London Against Racism concert.
Shortly after Saddam Hussein orders the invasion of Kuwait, Asia, student radio station KSDB-FM at Kansas State University plays Killing An Arab by The Cure. Listener protests will lead to the station making a formal apology and agreeing not to play the track again.
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A white-supremacist plot to assassinate Ice-T and Ice Cube is uncovered by the FBI, and revealed to the UK in NME, following the firebombing of the offices of the National Association For The Advancement Of Colored People in Tacoma, Washington, USA. On the same day, Elton John auctions his entire record collection, with proceeds going to AIDS charities.
Ghetto Gospel by 2Pac (aka Tupac Shakur) featuring Elton John enters the UK pop singles chart at No1.
The DVD, Congo Square, featuring Wynton Marsalis, is released in the USA. Historically, Congo Square in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, was the first place in the USA where African slaves were allowed to perform their own music and dance in the 1700s-1800s, thus establishing the roots of African-American musics including jazz and blues.
Bob Dylan sings his classic protest song The Times they Are A-Changin' at The White House, Washington, DC, USA, during a concert of music from the Civil Rights movement. Other performers appearing in the presence of President Obama, include Joan Baez, Smokey Robinson, Natalie Cole, Jennifer Hudson and The Blind Boys Of Alabama.
James Kottak, drummer of Scorpions, is arrested in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Asia, on charges of insulting Islam, raising his middle finger and being under the influence of alcohol while in transit at Dubai airport.
John Legend and Common win The Golden Globe Award in Los Angeles, California, USA, for Best Original Song for their Selma soundtrack cut Glory.
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