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Pharmacist Dr. John Pemberton of Atlanta, Georgia, USA, begins selling a carbonated drink of his own devising as a patent medicine. He will go on to found The Pemberton Medicine Company, which will find global success after a name change to The Coca-Cola Company. This universally-available fizzy drink will inspire several songs including Rum And Coca Cola by The Andrews Sisters and and the somewhat more salacious Coca Cola Douche by The Fugs. It's also worth noting that the hit single I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing by The New Seekers, was based on a 1971 Coca Cola advertising jingle - I'd Like To Buy The World A Coke.
Musical comedy The Girl From Utah closes at The Knickerbocker Theatre, Broadway, New York City, USA, after a run of 140 performances. This production features several songs by Jerome Kern, including They Didn't Believe Me, which will become a popular standard, recorded by artists including Frank Sinatra, George Sanders, Dinah Washington, Jeanette MacDonald, Charlie Parker, Elvis Costello, Stan Kenton, Bill Frisell, Harry Belafonte, Leontyne Price and Marian McPartland.
Rupert Westmore Grant, better known as calypso star Lord Invader, is born in San Fernando, Trinidad.
Calypso-style pianist Lionel Belasco records Junk Man Rag, Bajan Girl, Buddy Abraham, Little Brown Boy and other tracks, for Victor Records in Camden, New Jersey, USA, for their West Indian (Trinidad) marketing genre.
Jazz pianist, arranger and recording artist Jimmy Jones is born in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. In the course of a long career, he will lend his many talents to Harry Belafonte, Johnny Hodges, Budd Johnson, Nat Gonella, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Kenny Burrell, Cannonball Adderley, Harry Sweets Edison, Ben Webster, Big Joe Turner, Coleman Hawkins, Frank Wess, Milt Jackson, Sidney Bechet, Sonny Rollins, Sonny Stitt, Thad Jones, Wes Montgomery, Nancy Wilson, Shirley Horn and Joe Williams.
Harold George is born in Harlem, New York City, USA. He will find fame as Harry Belafonte, hugely popular US singer/actor, and occasional employer of Bob Dylan's talents as a harmonica player.
Harold George is born in Harlem, New York City. He will find fame as Harry Belafonte, hugely popular US singer/actor, and occasional employer of Bob Dylan's talents as a harmonica player.
Harold George is born in Harlem, New York City. He will find fame as Harry Belafonte, hugely popular US singer/actor, and occasional employer of Bob Dylan's talents as a harmonica player.
Charlie Spand [vocals and piano] records Soon This Morning and Fetch Your Water in Richmond, Indiana, USA, for Paramount Records, with Blind Blake [guitar].
Blind Blake records Blue Getaway, Diddie Wa Diddie, Chump Man Blues, Ice Man Blues, Pop It Stomp, Fan Foot Woman and Police Dog Blues in the Gennett Records studio in Richmond, Indiana, USA.
Blues singer and guitarist Blind Blake records Diddie Wa Diddie No. 2, What A Low Down Place The Jailhouse Is, Ain't Gonna Do That No More and Hard Pushing Papa for Paramount Records in Grafton, Wisconsin, USA.
A fire destroys the Treasury building, the Post Office Savings Bank and a bonded warehouse in Port Of Spain, Trinidad. A river of fire caused by 365,000 gallons of rum floods into the streets and runs into the harbour. The event will provide the inspiration for the calypso songs The Treasury Fire by Lionel Belasco and Fire, Fire In Port Of Spain by The Caresser.
Blues musician Arthur Blake, better known as Blind Blake, dies aged 38 of pulmonary tuberculosis at the County Emergency Hospital, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, USA.
US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, traveling by steamship, pays a brief visit to the Caribbean island of Trinidad, which will be recorded in the calypso FDR In Trinidad by popular singer Attila the Hun [Raymond Quevedo].
Clarence Profit's Trio and The Calypso Recorders are playing at The Village Vanguard, Greenwich Village, New York City, USA.
The Empire Windrush arrives at Tilbury docks, London, England, UK, bringing with it almost 500 Jamaicans, along with a handful of Trinidadians, including the Trinidadian calypsonians Lord Kitchener and Lord Beginner. Calypso had arrived in the UK.
Cyril Blake's Calypso Serenaders record Bulldog Don't Bite Me, Zambo, Calypso Man and Give Me One Dollar for for Parlophone Records in Abbey Road Studios, London, UK.
Jazz trumpeter Cyril Blake's Calypso Band record Man Smart And Woman Smarter, for Parlophone Records in London, UK.
The West Indies solidly defeat England in the second Test Match at Lords Cricket Ground, London, UK. At the end of the game, calypso singer Lord Kitchener leads a group of delighted West Indians in a victory parade around the field. Kitchener will go on to write an account of the match in his popular song Cricket, Lovely Cricket.
The Trinidad All Steel Percussion Orchestra (TASPO) sails on the SS San Mateo from Trinidad, Caribbean, headed for England. Later in the month, they will perform at The South Bank Exhibition, London, UK. This is considered to have been the first exposure of white Britons to steel band music in a live context. By the end of the year, steel band music will have become hugely popular in the UK.
Dossie Terry with The Howard Biggs Orchestra records Lost My Head and When I Hit The Number, for RCA Victor Records in New York City, USA.
Harry Belafonte is playing during two weeks at The Alhambra, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Harry Belafonte is appearing live at Ciro's, Miami Beach, Florida, USA.
Harry Belafonte, Janet Brace and The Jim Stutz Trio are playing at The Black Orchid, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
The stage show John Murray Anderson's Almanac - A Musical Harlequinade, starring Harry Belafonte, with songs by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross, plays at The Imperial Theatre on Broadway, New York City, USA, during a run of 229 performances.
Harry Belafonte records Matilda, Matilda! for RCA Victor Records at Radio Recorders, Santa Monica Boulevard, Hollywood, California, USA.
Harry Belafonte records The Banana Boat Song for RCA Records in Webster Hall, New York City, USA. Although widely regarded as the song that launched the calypso craze, it is in fact in the Jamaican mento style.
Harry Belafonte records Jamaica Farewell as the final track during sessions for his RCA Victor album Calypso, at Webster Hall, New York City.
Harry Belafonte plays during a week of shows at Araneta Coliseum, The Philippines, Asia.
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Inaugural Gala is held at the National Guard Armoury, Washington D.C., USA. The event is hosted, produced and directed by Frank Sinatra. Musical guest stars include Mahalia Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Jimmy Durante, Nat King Cole, and Ella Fitzgerald, with an orchestra conducted by Leonard Bernstein.
The Kingston Trio record Oh Sail Away for Capitol Records in Los Angeles, California, USA.
Harry Belafonte plays in Barton Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York State, USA.
Pearl Carr and Teddy Johnson, Cyril Fletcher, Cy Grant, Bernard Spear, Rosemary Brett Davies and Marie Cooper, Reg Thompson, The Terry Sisters and the BBC Revue Orchestra perform live on the BBC Light Programme Radio show Midday Music Hall in London, England, UK, Europe.
Harry Belafonte is feted in a reception at Danny's Hideaway in New York City, USA, by being presented with a gold disc for his 2LP Carnegie Hall live album set.
Cy Grant sings a news-based calypso on the BBC-tv topical magazine show Tonight, broadcast live from London, England, UK, Europe.
As part of the Forest Hills Music Festival, Harry Belafonte and Miriam Makeba play the first of three nights at Forest Hills Tennis Stadium, New York City, USA.
Millie In Jamaica, a tv special featuring Millie, is screened by Rediffusion in the UK. The show also features Cilla Black, Prince Buster, Jimmy Cliff, Lord Jellicoe, Byron lee, The Rockin' Berries and Sonny Boy Williamson.
Harry Belafonte plays the first of five nights at The Opera House, Chicago, Illinois, USA, with Nana Mouskouri.
Harry Belafonte plays the last of five nights at The Opera House, Chicago, Illinois, USA, with Nana Mouskouri.
Internationally popular calypso band The Merrymen play at The Pepperpot, Barbados, Worthing, Christ Church, Caribbean.
The Verve record Bittersweet Symphony. Their use of a sample from a track by Rolling Stones’ manager Andrew Loog Oldham will involve them in a costly legal battle with rock entrepreneur Allen Klein.
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Calyso singing star Roaring Lion dies aged 91 in Mount Lambert, Trinidad, after a long period of failing health.
Calypso star Lord Pretender, (born Aldric Farrell) dies in Port Of Spain, Trinidad.
The eight-day long Trinidad And Tobago Steelpan Jazz Festival begins. Artists appearing over the next eight days include Steel Pulse, Al Jarreau, David 'Fathead' Williams, David Rudder and others.
Calypso and jazz singer Young Tiger dies in London, UK, aged 86.
Legendary Jamaican guitarist Ernest Ranglin, plays at The Basement, Circular Quay, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Singer and actor Cy Grant, the first black person to have been featured regularly on television in the United Kingdom, dies aged 90 in Highgate, London, England, UK, Europe. He was perhaps best-known for his frequent appearances on the BBC current affairs show Tonight. He was also a political activist, working to increase recognition of the achievements and rights of black people. In 1974, he set up the Drum Arts Centre in London, to provide a springboard and a national centre for black artistic talent.
Harry Belafonte, Pete Seeger, Common, Jackson Browne and others take part in a rally-concert at The Beacon Theatre, New York City, USA, in hopes of securing the release of jailed 68-year-old American Indian activist Leonard Peltier, who is considered a political prisoner by Amnesty International.